Pocillopora damicornis, commonly known as the cauliflower coral or lace coral, is a species of stony coral in the family Pocilloporidae. Pocillopora acuta is a species of colonial hard coral consisting of many individual animals known as polyps that deposit a calcium carbonate skeleton. [1] This coral also reproduces by sexual means. From RTAW Reefpedia. In particular, P. damicornis has a widespread distribution in the tropical Indo-Pacific (Veron 2000), although it is also be-lieved that it actually consists of a species complex (Schmidt-Roachetal.2013,2014).IntheEasternPacific,P. Depth & Distribution. Its colour varies and may be greenish, pink, yellowish-brown or pale brown. Families Thamnasteriidae, Astroceoniidae, Pocilloporidae. Chemical Contaminants in Corals (Pocillopora damicornis) in Tinian, CNMI 1 Introduction Purpose and Objective This document presents environmental data collected in August 2013 consisting of coral tissue (Pocillopora damicornis) contaminants and surface water nutrients offshore from Tinian in the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI). P. damicornis is found around Australia in the Great Barrier Reef, Coral Sea, Sydney, and Rottnest Island. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 170: 1-33. ; Ocaña O.V. The Cauliflower Coral (Pocillopora damicornis) is from the classification of Small Polyp Stony or SPS corals. Fauna associated with the coral Pocillopora damicomis at the southern limit of its distribution in Western Australia ROBERT BLACK and JANE PRINCE Department of Zoology, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, W.A. 1-61). Pocillopora damicornis occurs at all depths between the surface and 40 m deep or more, and is particularly abundant between 5 to 20 m. It is equally abundant in lagoonal areas and clear water reef slopes. (Ed.) caespitosa Dana, 1846 Pocillopora damicornis var. (2000). [1], Based on the GeoSymbio Database, Pocillopora damicornis has been known to interact with 30 species (or subclade types) of Symbiodinium, the highest interaction rate of any known coral species along with Stylophora pistillata [6], In general, coral reefs around the world are being destroyed and although this coral is common and relatively resilient, populations likely are in decline along with their habitat. Vaughan TW (1906) Report on the scientific results of the expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific. Pocillopora damicornis. It is found at depths down to about 54 m (177 ft) but is most common between 1 and 15 m (3 ft 3 in and 49 ft 3 in). Coral distribution is largely dependent on temperature, but now we know that both salinity and temperature affect ocean currents. Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. [Ruiyu] (ed.). P. damicornis is a colonial coral and can grow into clumps up to 30 cm (12 in) high. Its form varies according to its habitat and is more open and branched in calm positions and more compact on the upper parts of reefs where water movement is greater. Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 26 m (Ref. However, the genetic basis for the success and wide distribution of Acropora are unknown. Reyes-Bonilla, H. (2002). in: Gordon, D.P. Pocillopora damicornis is a common scleractinian coral, found on tropical coral reefs throughout the Indo-Pacific region. Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS Anthozoa | Scleractinia | Pocilloporidae. Ecomorphs of P. damicornis described by Schmidt-Roach et al. It is a common species in most of its range and is found on fringing reefs and moderately-exposed reef fronts but is less tolerant than P. damicorni… [4], Cauliflower coral contains microscopic symbiotic dinoflagellate algae (zooxanthellae) living within its tissues. [2], Cauliflower coral is native to the tropical and subtropical parts of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. ; Sánchez, J.A. Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. Distribution of hard corals was extremely poor at Mubarak Village and Sandspit, and corals were not found at Goth Abdul Rehman, Gadani (Kuchiani) and Buleji. 1-10. (2008). It is a dynamic process and in extreme environmental conditions results in the complete expulsion of the algae and the bleaching of the coral. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia. Original Name Synonomized Catalog number Module Link to model ; Acropora cervicornis USNM 74016 ... Pocillopora damicornis USNM 93379 : Shape & Structure: View model for Pocillopora damicornis: Pocillopora grandis USNM 700 It is equally found on reef slopes and in lagoons, among mangroves and on wharves, but not in areas with strong water movement. Where it is found on the natural reefs, the reef zone. A total of 94 colonies were sampled during this survey. ; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E. See Talk:Pocillopora damicornis for individual experiences with this species, Pocillopora damicornis. (Fig. Veron JEN, Pichon M. (1976). Molecular Ecology Communications of the Essex Institute, Salem. 6 (1): 51-104, pls. High temperature tolerance experiments performed on Pocillopora damicornis, a major reef-building coral in the tropical eastern Pacific, resulted in loss of zooxanthellae, histopathological abnormalities, and mortality similar to that observed during the severe 1982–83 El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) event. It is distinguishable from other members of the genus by the verrucae (wart-like growths) on its surface being more irregularly arranged. Schmidt-Roach S, Miller KJ, Lundgren P, Andreakis N (2014) With eyes wide open: a revision of species within and closely related to the Pocillopora damicornis species complex (Scleractinia; Pocilloporidae) using morphology and genetics. (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:206953), The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License, (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:206953), Linnaeus, C. (1758). Pocillopora damicornis in the TEP forms large, mono-specific carpets measuring tens to hundreds of hectares [33], that are thought to be maintained predominantly by asexual (i.e. [5] However, compared to other corals, this species is resistant to bleaching. This service is powered by LifeWatch Belgium, https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886, https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862, http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm, http:// https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.307.1, To Biodiversity Heritage Library (2 publications), To Biodiversity Heritage Library (25 publications), To Biodiversity Heritage Library (35 publications), To Biodiversity Heritage Library (88 publications), To Biological Information System for Marine Life (BISMaL), To GenBank (37494 nucleotides; 52137 proteins), To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE2186wholecolony), To USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection (104 records), To USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection (302 records), To USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection (39 records). It is distinguishable from other members of the nominal species Pocillopora inflata from normal! 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