I’ll only highlight the Crucial parts of the prophecy. 26 – Christopher Beckwith, Empires of the Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present, p. 63. H6290 pâ’rân From H6286; ornamental; Paran, a desert of Arabia: – Paran. Smith’s Bible Dictionary defines Kedar as: “…the name of a great tribe of Arabs settled on the northwest of the peninsula… That they also settled in villages or towns we find from Isaiah (Isaiah 42:11). تغيير ), أنت تعلق بإستخدام حساب Google. In this section we have covered in detail many different opinions about the identity of the coming servant in Isaiah 42. Isaiah starts the chapter by drawing our attention to a very special person that He will send. According to the Old Testament, Bel and Nabu are the names of pagan Babylonian deities: “Bel bows down, Nebo stoops low; their idols are borne by beasts of burden.” [Isaiah 46:1] It’s difficult to reconcile such pagan beliefs and practices of Cyrus with the monotheistic servant of Isaiah 42 who will “turn back idolatry in utter shame” and cause the “praise of God to be sung from the ends of the earth”: But those who trust in idols, who say to images, ‘You are our gods,’ will be turned back in utter shame. In sum, whoever this is, it is not the nation of Israel; it is another figure altogether. Kadar according to the bible was one of the sons of Ishmael - who is one … Also, the Prophecy mentions the universal Message of this Person Isaiah 42:4 “He will not Fail or be discouraged till he has established Justice in the Earth”, Isaiah 42:11 “Let the wilderness and its towns raise their voices, let the settlements where Kedar lives rejoice, Let the people of Sela sing for Joy, Let them shout from the Mountaintops” who is Kedar? 28 – John Oswalt, The NIV Application Commentary, 2003, p. 470, on Isaiah 42:1-9. In contrast to the promises of divine blessing constantly being given to the servant Israel, this servant receives no benefits through his ministry but only increasing difficulty. The Old Testament tells us that Kedar was one of the sons of Ishmael: These are the names of the sons of Ishmael, listed in the order of their birth: Nebaioth the firstborn of Ishmael, Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam [Genesis 25:13]. Throughout history God has dealt sternly with those who are sent guidance and persist in disbelief. In the thickets of Arabia you must spend the night, O caravans of Dedanites. He was the founder of the Achaemenid Persian Empire, and under his rule the empire expanded vastly. If the reader is still not convinced in spite of all the evidence that the Prophet can be none other than Muhammad, peace be upon him, then perhaps they should reflect on this prophecy that has remained unfulfilled for thousands of years. Today there are over 2 billion Muslims in the world, that’s 1 in 4 people on earth (please click on picture to enlarge): Here Isaiah, in Biblical language, is asserting that the foretold servant will triumph against the enemies of God. 10-11. Finally, the authors of the Bible also quote from books that are considered forgeries. [Ezekiel 27:21]. Not only did Prophet Muhammad conquer Mecca, the Pagan capital of Arabia, but by the end of his life, in just 23 short years of Prophethood, Arabia had shunned idol worship and now worshipped the One true God of Abraham. The argument here is that the “Sela” referenced in Isaiah 42:11 is actually Sela in the city of Petra (Jordan) and not the Sela in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. These are the things I will do; I will not forsake them. 35 – The Quran And The Gospels: A Comparative Study,’ p. 47 by Dr. Muhammad Abu Laylah of Azhar University. In the Qur’an God commanded the Muslims to go on a rescue mission: Why should you not fight in God’s cause and for those oppressed men, women, and children who cry out, ‘Lord, rescue us from this town whose people are oppressors! Otherwise it defeats the purpose of prophecy in the first place, because prophecies are supposed to be specific. “Chosen one” is “Mustafa” in Arabic. We’ve already seen that the Prophet Muhammad fulfils all the criteria mentioned in Isaiah 42, so the question must be asked: why would Isaiah set out criteria that can be fulfilled by individuals other than the Messiah, if it is indeed the Messiah to whom Isaiah 42 refers? Here Isaiah must be referring to a new book of revelation that this special person will be given. Here Jesus has quoted Psalm 82:6 from the Old Testament: I said, ‘You are “gods”; you are all sons of the Most High. … all the splendor of Kedar will terminate. A bruised reed he will not break, and a smoldering wick he will not snuff out. 25 – Amélie Kuhrt, The Persian Empire: A Corpus of Sources of the Achaemenid Period, pp. This sheer variety of opinion, together with the fact that they all fall short as candidates, shows the utter confusion of Jewish commentators on Isaiah 42. [Isaiah 42:8], I will lead the blind by ways they have not known, along unfamiliar paths I will guide them; I will turn the darkness into light before them and make the rough places smooth. Yet the context of Isaiah 42 stands as part of a larger section of Isaiah (beginning in chapter 40) that speaks of the future work of the Messiah. Micah Isaiah 42:10 “Sing to the LORD a New Song, His praise from the ends of the Earth” so this is saying that the praise of God will be across the entire world. With the advent of Islam all the oppressive powers surrounding Arabia fell one after another and the masses could live in peace from then on. . Finally, from a geographic perspective, Jesus has no historical association with Kedar or Sela. One famous example is the Jewish rabbi Abdullah bin Salam who converted to Islam upon the Prophet Muhammad’s arrival in Madinah. Elijah I have named you "al Mutawakkil' (meaning "the one who depends on Allah'). This can be found in their very own scriptures, the Torah and Gospel. When we compare the Qur’an and hadith to Isaiah 42, you cannot help but notice the remarkable resemblance between them (please click on picture to enlarge): It seems that even the early Muslims were aware of this prophecy, at least in its overall meaning, if not verbatim. Clearly, Paul and Jesus refer to Isaiah and the Psalms as Torah (‘law’) even though technically they are not part of Torah. Indeed, God is Hearing and Knowing. Recall that Madinah, a city located in Western Saudi Arabia, is Muhammad’s city. These statements provide a fascinating insight into an eighth century Rabbinic understanding of the conquests of the Muslims. If Isaiah is speaking of the Messiah, then we would expect that he would set out criteria that only the Messiah can fulfil. We’ve seen that throughout the ages, Jewish commentators on the Old Testament have held varying opinions. Isaiah further states that the coming servant will not just be concerned with his own people, but rather the nations of the entire world: “…and he will bring justice to the nations”. Recall that Isaiah mentions Kedar in conjunction with a ‘Sela’: “Let the settlements where Kedar lives rejoice. In summary, early Islamic sources reveal the following about the Jews of Medina: If we look to early Jewish sources, we find support for this. 000575. I have named you “Al-Mutawakkil” (one who depends upon God). Madinah was the city of Prophet Muhammad. For example the following verse may be cited to support of this argument: He was the one who defeated ten thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt and captured Sela in battle, calling it Joktheel, the name it has to this day. By contrast, when Isaiah does convey prophecies about himself, he mentions his own name: In the year that the supreme commander, sent by Sargon king of Assyria, came to Ashdod and attacked and captured it— at that time the Lord spoke through Isaiah son of Amoz. In this post, I’d like to show how Muhammad does not fit this passage. came over to Nineveh, city of my sovereignty, Even the Qur’an confirms that the Spirit of God, who Muslims believe is the angel Gabriel, was sent down by God to Muhammad: We have thus revealed a Spirit to you [Prophet] by Our command: you knew neither the Scripture nor the faith, but We made it a light, guiding with it whoever We will of Our servants. [42:7], Sing to the Lord a new song, his praise from the ends of the earth… [42:10], Let the wilderness and its towns raise their voices… rejoice… sing for joy… let them shout from the mountaintops. According to commentators on the Bible this word “has in the total context of this passage almost the sense of ‘revelation’” . Meanwhile the second section of Isaiah 42, verses 18 – 25, describe a different kind of servant, one who is said to be “deaf and blind” (42:18), “plundered and looted”, “trapped in pits” and “hidden away in prisons” (42:22). Jesus therefore cannot be the servant as, when he was asked whether he was the King of the Jews, Jesus stated that his kingdom was not of this world: “My kingdom is not of this world…” [John 18:36]. Jesus PBUH didn’t bring a new Law, but Prophet Muhammad did! and begged me for his gods. If you desire rulership, we will make you our ruler… , Even if they place the sun in my right-hand, and the moon in my left-hand in return for giving up this matter, I will never stop, until either God makes it triumph or I die defending it. Muhammad conveyed God's message to leave idolatory and paganism, and return to monotheism. Where he falls short is in particulars such as idolatry, war and geography. . In fact, Jesus and his disciples all left this world in a state of injustice, the exact opposite of what Isaiah 42 prophecies. If Christians have no issue accepting this standard of prophecy for Jesus, then in the name of fairness and consistency they should adopt at least a similar standard for Muhammad. It’s important to note that in the New Testament Paul quotes Isaiah and refers to it as ‘law’: In the Law it is written: “With other tongues and through the lips of foreigners I will speak to this people, but even then they will not listen to me, says the Lord.” [1 Corinthians 14:21]. Jewish historians, secular historians and Islamic history records this fact: Alexander Marx, an American historian, and Max Margolis, an American philologist, wrote the following in their book “A History of the Jewish People”: In the northwest of the peninsula the Jews occupied the oases on the line of the caravan route running from north to south. Muslim apologists have had 14 centuries to find the Bible passages that mention Muhammad, but they haven't found a single one. ISAIAH 42:7. He said such things as: “for all who draw the sword will die by the sword.” [Matthew 26:52] and “My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight…” [John 18:36]. No more would God tolerate this evil, the time was right for this special person to emerge and bring monotheism to Arabia. 1. The pagan Arabs at the time of Prophet Muhammad fit this description perfectly because they had not been sent a messenger prior to Muhammad. Islamic Dawah team claims that Isaiah 42 is prophesying Muhammad. In fact, Isaiah goes so far as to severely condemn this servant: So he poured out on them his burning anger, the violence of war. Answer is simple, he fits the description of the Holy One as mentioned in Isaiah 42. 9 – Sebeos (1999). The Qur’an informs us: O People of the Scripture, there has come to you Our Messenger [Muhammad] to make clear to you [the religion] after a period [of suspension] of messengers, lest you say, “There came not to us any bringer of good tidings or a warner.” But there has come to you a bringer of good tidings and a warner… [Chapter 5, verse 19]. Compare the above description of King Hazael, described as “king of the Arabs”, with that of his son King Iauta, who is described as “king of the land of Qedar”. This is backed up by archaeological findings such as the Cyrus the Great Cylinder which also show that Cyrus worshiped pagan gods. 20 – Bukhari, Book of Prophetic Commentary, Hadith 4560. 17 – Muslim, Book 4, Chapter 169 (Supplication in prayer for rain), Hadith 1955. FlairChristian. The statement “a new song” means a new way of worship. Hebrew commentators of the Old Testament interpret this judgement to be comprehensive in the sense of a complete way of life, which is what Islam represents. The Hebrew word which was translated to “whom I uphold” is “אתמך”(Etmokh). The Hebrew word used for “spirit” in Isaiah 42:1, ‘ruwach’, is used to refer to angels throughout the Old Testament. The renowned British Arabist Richard Bell states: “In spite of traditions to the effect that the picture of Jesus was found on one of the pillars of the Ka’bah, there is no good evidence of any seats of Christianity in the Hijaz or in the near neighbourhood of Makkah or even of Madinah” . The Old Testament states that he was handpicked by God to rebuild the Jerusalem Temple after its destruction and the exile of the Israelites into Babylon: In the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, in order to fulfill the word of the Lord spoken by Jeremiah, the Lord moved the heart of Cyrus king of Persia to make a proclamation throughout his realm and also to put it in writing. Let us now contrast the foregoing with Muhammad’s purported teachings concerning Jesus. Moreover Jesus wasn’t interested in fighting, he was not a man of war; he was a pacifist according to the New Testament. Translation of the Samaritan Torah, p.90. So what Christians have to do instead is divide the life of Jesus into two periods, the first and second coming. ( تسجيل خروج / 4- He will not falter or be discouraged till he establishes justice on earth. The following hadith narrations are a few examples that mention this mountain: …while I was sitting in the condition which God described (in the Quran) i.e. “He will not falter or be discouraged till he establishes justice on earth…”. If one analyses the language and context of Isaiah 42 it becomes clear that the coming servant cannot be Prophet Isaiah himself. It’s only expected for Isaiah to actually specify which one he’s talking about. Sebeos, a 7th century Armenian bishop and historian, when describing the Arab conquest of his time, wrote that the Arabs “assembled and came out from Paran” , Professor Haseeb Shehada, an Israeli scholar and professor, in his translation of the Samaritan Torah suggested an identification of the wilderness of Paran with the desert of Western Arabia which is known today as Hijaz. The Dead Sea Scrolls, which are dated to the 2nd century BCE and represent the oldest surviving manuscript evidence for the Old Testament along with other apocryphal books, link Ishmael and his descendants to Arabia: And Ishmael and his sons, and the sons of Keturah and their sons, went together and dwelt from Paran to the entering in of Babylon in all the land which is towards the East facing the desert. Gentiles means non Jews. He cometh with ten thousands of holy ones to execute judgement upon all, and to destroy [all] the ungodly: and to convict all flesh of all the works [of their ungodliness] which they have ungodly committed, and of all the hard things which ungodly sinners [have spoken] against Him.”. These state that as well as there being a presence of a number of large, powerful Jewish tribes residing in and around the city of Medina, there was even a huge Jewish settlement in Arabia called Khaybar. Linkedin. Isaiah 42 was not referring to Muhammad. When placed back into the proper context, these passages clearly speak of Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit, not Muhammad. And you threw not, [O Muhammad], when you threw, but it was God who threw that He might test the believers with a good test. It seems clear that the “deaf and blind” Isaiah is talking about in this verse are those who reject Prophet Muhammad. So the Book of Zechariah clearly indicates that spirits are entities other than God. Indeed the message of Islam was completed: Today I have perfected your religion for you, completed My blessing upon you, and chosen as your religion Islam… [Chapter 5, verse 3]. All that flourished on Pagan ground; all that was nurtured by idolatry; all their temples, altars, shrines, should be overturned and demolished; and in all these things great and permanent changes would be produced. It was called an island because of how isolated it was from the outside world. 21 – Tirmidhi, Book of the Description of the Day of Resurrection, Softening of Hearts, and Piety, Hadith 2409. ISAIAH 41:2 A righteous man [Muhammad] from the east [from the tribe of Ishmaelites, descendents of Abraham and Ishmael] will be raised up And Ishmael and his sons, and the sons of Keturah and their sons, went together and dwelt from Paran to the entering in of Babylon in all the land which is towards the East facing the desert. Careful analysis of these two locations points to the Arabian cities of Mecca and Madinah. “Will you invoke God (to help us)?” He sat down with a red face and said, “(A believer among) those who were before you used to be combed with iron combs so that nothing of his flesh or nerves would remain on his bones; yet that would never make him desert his religion. 34 – Watt, Montgomery, Muhammad in Medina, (OUP, 1988 impression), p. 192. Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings of Allah be on him. Who among you will heed God by acknowledging him, who will “listen” and “pay close attention in time to come”. It is He Who has sent His Messenger with Guidance and the Religion of Truth, that he may manifest it over all religion, even though the Pagans may detest (it). (PDF) The Prophet Muḥammad and Isaiah 42 | Taha Soomro - Academia.edu The Qur’an makes reference to Biblical prophecies that supposedly predict the coming of the Prophet Muḥammad. This includes you, because you believed our testimony to you. Again this demonstrates that Isaiah 42 can only be describing two very different servants. One such reference is found in Sūrah al-aʿrāf v.157, where the coming of an “ummiyy” prophet is said to have been prophesied in the Hebrew Truly We have sent thee as a Witness, a Bearer of Glad Tidings, and Warner,- And as one who invites to God by His leave, and as a lamp spreading light. 19 – A Bible Dictionary, Hayden Series, edited by Rev. Now when these people came, at God’s command, and took over as it were both kingdoms, not with any war or battle, but in a menial fashion, such as when a brand is rescued out of the fire, not using weapons of war or human means, God put victory into their hands in such a way that the words written them might be fulfilled, namely, “One man chased a thousand and two routed ten thousand.” How otherwise, could naked men, riding without armour or shield, have been able to win, apart from divine aid, God having called them from the ends of the earth so as to destroy, by them “a sinful kingdom” and to bring low, through them, the proud spirit of the Persians . A major problem with this interpretation is that it does not consider the context of Isaiah 42 which speaks of two very different servants. Once “God holds the hand of anyone”, it is impossible to defeat that person. The two key words used are ‘Kedar’ and ‘Sela’ which together pinpoint an exact location for this special person. Isaiah 42:17 “they shall be turned back, they shall be greatly ashamed, who trust in carved images, who say to the molded Images ‘you are our gods’. Now I went back and read Isaiah 42 and in a way, there actually are several discrepencies how this can be referring to Jesus: Isaiah 42 1 “Behold! Filioque, Jesus, Muhammad and Isaiah 42. ‘In a forest in Arabia they will stay’ [Isaiah 21:13], those that should have been in the forest of Lebanon [the temple, 1 Kings 7:2], ‘in Arabia they will stay’ . Isaiah 42:1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles. This describes the state of the people that this special person will be sent to. From this angle S.A.L.A.M attempts to ‘deconstruct false narratives and reconstruct purer mindsets. Travelling through the desert is a difficult feat to accomplish, and even today there are parts of it that are devoid of any population, due to its lack of water. Then the Lord said, “Just as my servant Isaiah has gone stripped and barefoot for three years, as a sign and portent against Egypt and Cush, so the king of Assyria will lead away stripped and barefoot the Egyptian captives and Cushite exiles, young and old, with buttocks bared—to Egypt’s shame.” [Isaiah 20:1-4]. Some of the most influential of these tribes were the Banu Nadir and Banu Qurayza. with considerably less excitement than Zaman brings to it, … Now that’s not to say that Cyrus isn’t mentioned at all in Isaiah, he is. This cylinder was excavated in 1879 by the Assyro-British archaeologist Hormuzd Rassam and is kept today in the British Museum in London : The cylinder states that Cyrus the Great worshiped pagan gods such as Bel and Nabu: pray daily before Bêl and Nabû for long life for me, and may they speak a gracious word for me and say to Marduk, my lord, “May Cyrus, the king who worships you, and Cambyses, his son, their […] I permitted all to dwell in peace […]” (Cylinder, English Translation, lines 35-36). Therefore, as I have shown, the only person who fits Isaiah 42 is Prophet Muhammad PBUH. In fact it’s very contrived, and in spite of best efforts it still doesn’t work when we take the whole of Isaiah 42 in context. Isaiah 42 describes Muhammad (This is an edited & modified version of an article that appears on www.Jews-for-Allah.com) 1- "Behold my servant, whom I uphold; Mine Elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles." During the excavation of the Dead Sea Scrolls, a book called “1 Enoch” (also known as The Book of Enoch) was discovered. Safiyya, the Jewish daughter of the chief of the Banu Nadir tribe, is even referred to as “daughter of Aaron” by the Prophet Muhammad . Since Israel is explicitly identified as the blind and condemned servant, therefore the guiding and righteous servant must be someone other than Israel. Answer is simple, he fits the description of the Holy One as mentioned in Isaiah 42. God Almighty, out of His mercy for the Jews and Christians (respectfully referred to in the Qur’an as the People of the Book) also provided an additional proof to mankind of his Prophethood. The Islam Critiqued Channel discusses some of … Islam was victorious and Islam endured. Notice that Isaiah states that the islands will put their hope in his law, implying he will bring forth something new, something different, as the Law of Moses already existed at the time Isaiah made this prophecy. In summary we have established that Ishmael and his descendants, specifically Kedar, settled in modern day Western Saudi Arabia. They cried, ‘The Messenger of God has arrived! Islām: peace, submission khalīfah, khalīfa: Vicegerent. Isaiah 42 is the forty-second chapter of the Book of Isaiah in both the Hebrew Bible and the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. Isaiah 42 is the forty-second chapter of the Book of Isaiah in both the Hebrew Bible and the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. Although he does prophecy about the fate of Gentile kingdoms, the largest single subject in his writings are warnings to Israel. So who Brought a New Law other than Prophet Moses PBUH? Moreover Matthew states that when Jesus returns “all the peoples of the earth will mourn”. Ezekiel This is mentioned in narrations of his, as recorded by his companions, known as hadith: Narrated Umar: I heard the Prophet saying, “Do not exaggerate in praising me as the Christians praised the son of Mary, for I am only a Servant (abd). Islamic history records this fact: …God had set them (the people of Madina) on the road to Islam, for there were Jews with them in their own country – people who had scriptures, and were endowed with knowledge… The Jews had the upper hand of them in their country. Let the wilderness and its cities lift up their voice, The villages that Kedar inhabits. Now Cyrus does indeed satisfy some of the characteristics of the servant of Isaiah 42 in a general sense. Recall that Isaiah 42 gives us a list of momentous achievements for the coming servant. 10 – Professor. [Isaiah 42:13, 16-17]. This is a destruction that is “sudden”, like “a thief in the night”. Isaiah These two ancient Assyrian inscriptions, dating to the seventh century BCE, associate the king of the Arabs with the land of “Qedar”: Hazael, king of Arabs, with a sumptuous gift, They will be spiritually blind, trapped in the darkness of idol worship (as the next verse of Isaiah clarifies). This Cannot be Jesus as Jesus himself says in Matthew 15:24 “I was only sent to the lost Sheep of the house of Israel” so that excludes him. The Qur’an mentions this conquest: When the victory of God has come and the conquest, And you see the people entering into the religion of God in multitudes, Then exalt [Him] with praise of your Lord and ask forgiveness of Him. Muslim's claim that Isaiah 42 is a prophecy of Muhammad. Bukhari 3:335 You are neither … The American historian Salo Baron, the most noted historian of the Jews of his generation, recorded the following in his book “Social and Religious History of the Jews”: Judaic presence and influence throughout the region burgeoned steadily throughout the first few centuries of the Common Era. Some took the view that the servant is Cyrus the Great, others that he is Isaiah himself, the Messiah and even the nation of Israel. Yet Isaiah 53 is one of the foremost prophecies of the crucifixion of Christ in the entire Old Testament. But this Servant is of a different sort. The Jerusalem Talmud, also known as Talmud Yerushalmi, is a collection of fourth and fifth century Rabbinic commentaries. So which Person in history of humanity, came to the land of Kedar and put the idol worshipers to shame? [Numbers 10:12]. 1604587026. 4 – Seerah ibn Hisham, vol. Here Isaiah emphasises the universal mission of the coming person. Isaiah 42:4 “..and the Coastlands shall wait for His LAW” the Hebrew word here is ‘Torah’ which means a Law. Many Christian interpretors of the Bible hold that Paran is in Arabia. Joel The question then arises, why were there numerous Jewish tribes within Madinah? He raises up over them a prophet according to his will and will conquer the land for them and they will come and restore it in greatness, and there will be great terror between them and the sons of Esau.’ Rabbi Simon answered and said: ‘How do we know that they are our salvation?’ He answered: ‘Did not the Prophet Isaiah say thus: “And he saw a troop with a pair of horsemen, etc.”’ . Islam claims Isaiah 42 refers to Muhammad. He said to him, “Take off the sackcloth from your body and the sandals from your feet.” And he did so, going around stripped and barefoot. [42:11]. He will not shout or cry out, or raise his voice in the streets. Messenger of God! When his enemies realised that nothing would discourage him from preaching his message, they turned to more aggressive tactics. These are the things I will do; I will not forsake them. There are some, such as Christians, who believe that the “spirit of God” here is God Himself as the Holy Spirit, who will be sent down to earth to support the servant. He will punish those who do not know God and do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. 1539845976. The law of Islam spread as far east as northern China and as far west as southern France. Muslims claim that the prophecy in Isaiah 42 refers to Muhammad. This happened in Syria, Egypt and Spain. Some Muslims have proposed that Isaiah 42:1-13 speaks of Muhammad. We can also place the location of the descendants of Ishmael, known as Ishmaelites, to Arabia. 43 – See “The Great Isaiah Scroll” online here: http://dss.collections.imj.org.il/isaiah, SALAM Initiative, Kemp House 152 - 160 City Road, London, England, EC1V 2NX. Habakkuk A careful analysis of the characteristics of Isaiah 42 shows that all the candidates typically put forward – Cyrus the Great, Isaiah himself, the Messiah and the nation of Israel – fall short in satisfying the characteristics. 41 – John C. Reeve, Trajectories in Near Eastern Apocalyptic: A Post Rabbinic Jewish Apocalypse, pp. This prophecy was told in the Hadiths, there is a lot of variation between it and what is said in Isaiah, but textual variants are present much in the Bible, and there are many inaccurate quotes of the Old Testament made by writers of the […] The Edomites and Kedarites were two different groups that inhabited entirely different lands: The fact is that Isaiah mentions Sela in conjunction with Kedar’s location, and as has already been demonstrated, Kedar dwelt in the desert of Western Saudi Arabia. I will not be arguing that this passage points to Jesus, since whomever else this passage may refer to is not relevant to showing that it is not Muhammad. Readers are encouraged to reflect on why out of all the books of the Old Testament it is the Book of Isaiah, containing a very clear prophecy about Muhammad – that has been preserved. 16 – Bukhari Kitab al-Maghazi (Book of Expeditions led by the Prophet) Chapter 80, Hadith 702. The Quran is the word of God(Allah),and this evidences prove this fact. When looking at this hadith objectively, i.e. [John 10.34]. Even in the Old Testament, Jewish law stipulates that the priests who served in the temple must descend from Aaron. 11 – Dead Sea Scrolls, Book of Jubilees, p.118, verses 12-13. ( تسجيل خروج / So according to the Gospel of Matthew, there’s a prophecy in the Old Testament that was fulfilled by Jesus. 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