Our brief discussion has shown that for both Testaments the books that came to be part of the biblical canon had their own self-authenticating authority. One hundred and fifty years after the birth of Jesus, a man named Marcion decided that a Christian Bible was needed to replace the Hebrew Bible. You might say it was like a thermometer that reliably responded to God’s Word. Share in Twitter. But the Bible as a whole was not officially compiled until the late fourth century, illustrating that it was the Catholic Church who determined the canon—or list of books—of the Bible under the guidance of the Holy Spirit. Heb. He did commission fifty Bibles in 331 for use in the churches of Constantinople, itself still a new city. Share in Facebook. Not many of us think about it very often, but the Bible is a library of books, which means it can of course be put together in different ways. Seven books of the Bible, all in the Old Testament, are accepted by Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox, but are not accepted by Jews or Protestants. It was God, and God alone, who determined which books belonged in the Bible. Published on 27.05.2019. Elon Gilad. There is a meme going around on Facebook that says the Council of Nicaea decided which books could be in the Bible in 325 AD. Indeed, the Bible is not a not a self-canonizing collection of books, as there is no table of contents included in any of the books. The Bible declares of itself that Scripture is God’s Word, uttered as it were, from the very breath of God. “council” in every occurrence in the NT, RSV. The canonization of the Hebrew Bible into its final 24 books was a process that lasted centuries, and was only completed well after the time of Josephus . Yes. The Councils of Hippo (AD 393) and Carthage (AD 397) reaffirmed the same twenty-seven books as authoritative. An icon depicting the Council of Nicaea, which is inappropriately thought to be where church leaders decided which books of the Bible were part of Scripture. Neither did the Council at Nicaea change the New Testament in any way whatsoever. These books are part of what is known as the … 4) Did the book bear evidence of high moral and spiritual values that would reflect a work of the Holy Spirit? The Old Testament canon from the same council is identical to Roman Catholic canon today. This is the council which many Protestant and Evangelical Christians take as the authority for the New Testament canon of books. Again, it is crucial to remember that the church did not determine the canon. These books were given the name deuterocanon because a few hundred years ago we did not have copies of them in Hebrew and they were not part of some Hebrew Bibles. It was God, and God alone, who determined which books belonged in the Bible. Howeever the hints are "VAGUE" to say the least. The Bible: How did we get the 66 books of the Bible? The Original Catholic Canon . Hint: The number refer to Bible Verses. during the life of Ezra the Scribe (Neh. When Martin Luther translated the Bible into German in 1534, he moved the books to the end of the Old Testament, saying that though they were not equal to the Sacred Scriptures, they were still “useful and good for reading.” Many Protestant Bibles later omitted the books entirely. The work seems to date from about 480-500, so is rather late, and some of it appears to be fictionalised. From a scholarly point of view the idea that the Council of Nicaea changed the New Testament is sheer nonsense. What was going on at the "Council of Nicea" and … Constantine did not commission any Bibles at the Council itself. We’re all used to a particular order, but it’s interesting to note that this common order only became standardized in the early modern period. Published on 27.05.2019. Who Decided What Books the Hebrew Bible Would Contain? Did the Church Decide Which Books Made It into the Bible? Luther later decided, all by himself, to throw out some more. … Realize, the authors of the books of the Bible were not robots - there is no "automatic writing" or any such thing. The 'lost books' of the Bible were discarded, some because they contradicted what was in the Gospels, many because they were just repetititive, some too long, or incomplete; but it's generally not considered that they hold much 'new' info. No early church council decided on the canon. However they are really vague. Each used words and expressions that he felt were the most clear and accurate, relying on the Holy Spirit to empower him to properly communicate exactly what God was intending to convey. Some Protestants believe that the Catholic Church added 7 books to the Bible at the Council of Trent in response to Luther’s Reformation, but that couldn’t be further from the truth. 8:1, 4, 99 14; 7:6, 11; 12:26, 36). The plain fact of the matter is that the canon of the Bible was not settled in the first years of the Church. I am often asked what role the Roman Emperor Constantine had in shaping the Bible. In about 367 AD, St. Athanasius came up with a list of 73 books for the Bible that he believed to be divinely inspired. These books are called Deuterocanonical by Catholics and Orthodox and Apocryphal by Jews and Protestants. Then the hint is something like "1 joined the 1st group 3 joined the second group" which is 12:14 - in the accroding book. These include 1 and 2 Maccabees, Judith, Tobit, Baruch, Sirach, and Wisdom, and additions to the books of Esther and Daniel. The Hebrew Bible, called “the Old Testament” by Christians, is the Bible written in Hebrew and used in Judaism. The Council of Carthage, a local north Africa council of bishops created the same list of canonical books in 397. The Council of Trent, reacting to the Protestant Reformers, repeated the canon of Florence in the Decree on Sacred Books and on Traditions to be Received (1546) and decreed that the books were to be treated "with equal devotion and reverence." And yet, having decided Jesus was in essence coterminous with God the Father (for certainly that is implied by what the council decided), they kept those passages in the New Testament books that contradict that interpretation. It was simply a matter of God convincing His followers of what He had already decided upon. There are three books; book I deals with the historical events leading to the accession of Constantine, book II with the council and its canons, and book III with letters issued by Constantine to various persons. Yes, Constantine and a council decided. The printing press helped “freeze” the order we’re most familiar with. The 27 books Athanasius proposed for the New Testament were not much in dispute and remain standard today. The Holy Spirit works through human agency, so it is important for us to be open to the Spirit’s guidance and inspiration so we can properly interpret the events of our world according to the mind of Christ and act with fidelity as the body of Christ. True fact. Who decided what went into the Bible? It took the Council of Trent (1545-63) to define the Old Testament canon as inclusive of books that Protestant Reformers removed, including Tobit, Judith, Sirach, Wisdom, the Maccabees, and others. The short answer to that question is no one.Or maybe a better answer is God did.When scholars talk about how a book qualified to be called Scripture, they list five characteristics called the laws of canonicity. The Bible is actually two compilations put together at separate times. Church leaders opposed Marcion’s banning of the Hebrew books, but they did agree that Christians should have a Bible to call their own. The British and Foreign Bible Society decided in 1827 to remove these books from further publications and labeled these books "apocrypha." Who decided what was in and what should be left out? These gatherings included the Council of Nicea in A.D. 325 and the First Council of Constantinople in A.D. 381, which decided a book should be included in the Bible if it was: Written by one of Jesus' disciples, someone who was a witness to Jesus' ministry, such as Peter, or someone who interviewed witnesses, such as Luke. The 27 books of the New Testament are contained in every Christian version of the Bible. Probably the council fathers studied the (complete) Muratorian Fragment and other documents, including, of course, the books in question themselves, but it was not until these Councils that the Church officially settled the issue. 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