That is why hanging it under the canopy of a tree is the best idea.This move have an out-of-this world appearance. If it outgrows its mounting board, move it to a new one. Never wipe the staghorn fern's fronds with a sponge or cloth, because this can remove the plant's protective fuzz and damage the plant. 4. Staghorn Fern is prone to common houseplant pests, such as aphids and scale insects like mealybugs. I have tried to remove them by hand, used a natural soap/oil spray. Watch for pests such as brown and white scale, which look like a crust on the fronds, as well as mealybugs, which look like tiny pieces of cotton. Insecticidal soap is relatively nontoxic and is a kind of soap especially formulated to kill soft-bodied insects. It isn't necessary to remove the fern from its current board, just attach both plant and board to a larger, sturdier board. The most popular is the common Staghorn fern, also known as antelope ears and elkhorn. Stop watering the staghorn fern immediately if you notice black spots on the fronds, and move the plant to an area with good air circulation. With time and … I found that mechanical removal using a water jet was the best way to remove them (and it helps to get into the crevices near the base of the fronds). Provide an appropriately sized, sturdy mounting surface for the staghorn fern. An infestation can spread quickly and do serious damage--treat it with a non-oil based insecticide, following the instructions on the package. Generally, aphids, mealybugs and scales are effectively controlled by the same pesticides. Frequent fertilization is only necessary when you want vigorous growth. Neem oil is a safe organic insecticide-follow directions suggested by manufacturer. But since the plant is indoors, get started watching a movie on TV and pick them off with a knife blade. If the light and air circulation is appropriate, a bathroom is an ideal place with its periodic humidity from the shower. Place the plant where it will receive bright but filtered light. Get it as soon as Thu, Dec 10. Washing the fronds with soapy water or dabbing mealybugs with rubbing alcohol, also kills the pests. The brown shells on the scale insects protect the from most sprays, but the alcohol may work and if not, manual removal followed by a coating of the whole plant with a malathion spray to resist re-infestation. This is a symptom of a fungus called Rhizoctonia, caused by too much moisture. I have about 20 Stag-horns that I have had for years and this is the second one that I am going to lose. Watch for pests such as brown and white scale, which look like a crust on the fronds, as well as mealybugs, which look like tiny pieces of cotton. *Few pests bother the Staghorn fern, but occasional scale insects may be a problem. Click on links below to jump to that question. They are epiphytic in nature which originally thrives in the tropical rainforests of the Philippines, Southeast Asia, Indonesia, Australia, Madagascar, Africa, and America. Staghorn Fern Overview. Too little sun will encourage fungus, but too much direct sunlight will damage the plant. Artificial-Plants, Green. If it outgrows its mounting board, move it to a new one. Provide an appropriately sized, sturdy mounting surface for the staghorn fern. Remove as many scales as possible with a cloth or toothbrush dipped in soapy water. Staghorn Fern includes 17 different species. The fungus can spread rapidly and can eventually kill the staghorn if it isn't stopped early. Some varieties have been merged over the years and considered part of the same species, just different cultivars.It’s generally assumed that, for most gardeners’ purposes, there’s actually around eighteen varieties grown commonly. Staghorn fern has few pests but may become infested with scale insects or mealybugs. Staghorn Fern Basic Information. A common cause of rot and losing leaves is overwatering. Staghorn ferns can be prone to mealybug and scale. To care for a staghorn fern, plant it in a growing medium comprised of sphagnum moss and orchid bark. Mist the fronds with a spray bottle if they're dusty. Apply an insecticidal soap or horticultural oil, following label directions. This can be removed with horticultural oil on a Q-tip applied to the affected area. Here’s a short list of some of the most popular varieties you’… The male armor is fluffy white with three ridges. 6. But, if you want to keep a plant, a couple days of a fishy smell is worth it. Put pressure on the plate so that the plate and moss are making contact. However, there’s some confusion as to exactly how many types there really are. They are easily treated with a horticultural oil when temperatures are between 45° and 85°F and humidity is low. Female armors are up to 3 / 16 inch long. Staghorn fern care relies on careful light, temperature and moisture monitoring. Our preferred treatment is denatured alcohol applied with a fine brush directly to the insects on the undersides of the fronds. Our preferred treatment is denatured alcohol applied with a fine brush directly to the insects on the undersides of the fronds. The plants grow outdoors in warm season locations and indoors elsewhere. Pull plant out of pot and shake off all excess matter. Staghorn fern is a fascinating and unusual plant that grows wild in steamy tropical jungles, where it is found attached to the bark of large trees. Horticulturist Mary Kay Pope answers all of your questions about growing and caring for staghorn ferns. A: Probably brown soft scale or hemispherical scale. Vickerman 26" Staghorn Fern on Wooden Plaque. You can recognize these beautiful plants by their leaves: in addition to the flat … 57. Two teaspoons of mild detergent in a gallon of water is also effective. Need to get rid of the problem before they all die. Large Scale Staghorn Fern Hanging PlantFor Sale- this beautiful staghorn fern, Platycerium Bifurcatum that we raised from a pup! It may require more than one application, so monitor … Treatment with neem oil will ruin your fern. $6.99 shipping. The plants have two types of leaves, one of which resembles the horns of a large herbivore. Staghorn ferns can be fertilized monthly during the warm, growing months of the year and every other month when growth slows down. Then spray with Cygon at about 1/2 to 3/4 strength. $37.57 $ 37. Female fern scales, Pinnaspis aspidistrae, secrete armor that is oystershell or pear shaped, flat, light brown with the crawler cast skin a paler brown.Sometimes the second stage armor is also paler than the adult armor. Spraying a staghorn fern with a strong stream of water will knock many mealybugs off the plant. My Stag-horn fern is infested with Scale insects. You can also look into insecticides that will work on this species of scale (not all do). She is an Oregon State University Master Gardener and Master Naturalist and holds a Master of Fine Arts in creative nonfiction writing. Staghorn is found growing harmlessly on tree trunks, branches, or even rocks. Alternately, place the plaque in a sink or bathtub tap, and allow room-temperature water to run through the root ball until it is saturated. 4.0 out of 5 stars 4. Although significant morbidity is encountered more often with open surgery and PNL, SWL is associated with both planned and unplanned secondary interventions. 99. Staghorn is another kind of fern that belongs to the Polypodiaceae family. The brown shells on the scale insects protect the from most sprays, but the alcohol may work and if not, manual removal followed by a coating of the whole plant with a malathion spray to resist re-infestation. Remember that, in nature, the staghorn fern receives dappled light filtered through branches and the forest canopy. Q. Stag Horn Fern - I've attached a picture of what I believe to be a staghorn fern. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. There are around 24 varieties referred to in texts on platyceriums. Botany (Taxonomy, Nomenclature and Morphology). Top Questions About Staghorn Ferns. Take sphagnum moss and put a handful onto the mounting board, a wooden frame. 1. It’s also susceptible to a fungal issue called black leaf spot, also known as Rhizoctonia. Staghorn fern is a member of the Polypodiaceae family; there are presently eighteen known species, as well as many varieties and hybrids of this plant. I have 4 well established at the… Q. Indoor Staghorn Fern Care - I can't seem to find a 1:1:1 water soluble fertilizer to feed my indoor staghorn fern. Scale insects are hard to control when numerous…typically you spray with horticultural oil to suffocate them. 2. 3.8 out of 5 stars 71. Isolate infested plants as soon as scales are discovered. All Rights Reserved. The best way to keep a staghorn fern healthy is to replicate its natural growing conditions as closely as possible. Staghorn Fern Netherlands Playtcerium Bifurcatum Live Plant. Repeated applications are needed because the soap is ineffective against scale insects protected by their covering. If Staghorn is from a mother specimen, reach behind the plate, which is the sterile frond shield, and remove with some roots on the frond. This is a fungus called rhizoctonia (see Reference 1). The fungus can spread rapidly and can eventually kill the staghorn if it isn't stopped early. Unlike other types of ferns, you should allow staghorn ferns to dry out between watering sessions. A common problem with staghorn ferns is light deficiency. Large or mature staghorns will survive and thrive with one or two applications a year of controlled-release fertilizer. M.H. Or, if you have access to a garden, porch or patio, spraying your Staghorn Fern in one of the areas, 'outdoors, you wouldn't notice at all,' you'd hardly get … Research has shown the products listed here are effective when properly applied at effective concentrations: Cygon, Meta-systox-R, Orthene, Furadan, Diazinon, Vydate, Temik and Enstar. Scale insects are the most common pest on a staghorn fern. $15.99 $ 15. Although staghorn ferns are resistant to most pests and diseases, problems can develop and they can be somewhat difficult to eradicate. Staple the fishing line to the en… This product will be easier on the plant than an oil-based product. Bury the fern roots into the moss. One suggestion is to dip the leaves in soapy water to initially wash off the scale and then spray with an insecticide to kill the egg and nymph stage. Scale insects are the most common pest on a staghorn fern. A water-soluble fertilizer with a 1:1:1 ratio (i.e., 10-10-10, 20-20-20) is recommended. Then using a fingernail or twig I scrape off ALL the remain scale even try tomove the whit crawler phase if possible. Fern Factory - Fern Factory offers a wide variety of ferns, Tree Ferns, staghorn fern and and tropical plants staghorn fern care staghorn fern mounting how to grow ferns Staghorn ferns thrive in full to partial shade; it is important to remember that even in shade, plants receive sunlight. Propagating fern spores is time-consuming, but it is possible to do it yourself. Providing sufficient humidity can be a challenge indoors and may require frequent misting when ambient humidity is low. The fern scale also is quite damaging to asparagus, bird’s nest and Nephrolepis species of ferns. Secure the fern by tying monofilament fishing line. Alternately, hold the fern so the roots are fully submerged until fully saturated (1-2 minutes). Mount the staghorn fern where the temperatures is at least 65 degrees F. If the temperature falls below 55 degrees F, the fern's growth will be stunted. They are usually soft brown scale or a very small white scale. Mounted or in a basket is how to grow a staghorn fern, because they are epiphytic, growing in trees generally. Staghorn fern is a fascinating and unusual plant that grows wild in steamy tropical jungles, where it is found attached to the bark of large trees. Hi Frank The picture is of scale on a staghorn fern which sounds like what you may have. The only Negative regarding Fish Emulsion is its odor. First I decide if a frond is too infested to keep; if not cut it away. Staghorn plants arrive in a ponga pot. FREE Shipping by Amazon. Signs include black spots on the guard leaves that can spread rapidly and kill the plant. Avoid bringing scale crawlers into the house. The … If the plant is too badly infested and the leaves are turning yellow, eradication may be impossible. A general rule of thumb is to water your staghorn fern weekly during the summer months and every two to three weeks during the winter. She writes about a variety of topics, with a focus on sustainable, pesticide- and herbicide-free gardening. Let the plant dry between waterings. Staghorn ferns should become completely dry -- all the way through -- between waterings. Overall, the mortality rate associated with staghorn stone treatment is extremely low (SWL, 0.06%; PNL, 0.1%; PNL and SWL, 0.2%) and is typically related to cardiac dysfunction. Dyer began her writing career as a staff writer at a community newspaper and is now a full-time commercial writer. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Tropical Fern and Exotic Plant Society: Staghorn Ferns at a Glance, University of Florida Extension: Staghorn Ferns at a Glance. My only option now is an organo phosphate, but I have heard that they are extremely sensitive to pesticide sprays. Soak your staghorn fern in a sink or basin of water for 10-20 minutes, or until the roots are fully saturated. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Staghorn ferns are large antler-shaped ferns that hang on the sides of trees, and they make stunning displays when mounted on the wall inside your home. This is a showpiece specimen that will do best with shade. Notice the heavy-gauge link chain that comes with the hanging plant. To eliminate these pests, gently spray the plant with insecticidal soap. Avoid using oils on staghorn ferns, instead insecticidal soap can be used to destroy colonies. Other options New A mass infestation can be treated with horticultural oil sprayed throughout the plant, thoroughly rinse the fronds off two days later so the oil does not interfere with the plant’s respiration. 5. Never wipe the staghorn fern's fronds with a sponge or cloth, because this can remove the plant's protective fuzz and damage the plant. Mist the fronds with a spray bottle if they're dusty. This plant is an epiphyte, meaning it gets moisture and nutrients from the air. Make sure your fern receives adequate sunlight. According to the University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, staghorn ferns that receive extremely low light will grow at a slow rate and are more susceptible to attack by pests and diseases. Never wipe the staghorn fern's fronds with a sponge or cloth, because this can remove the plant's protective fuzz and damage the plant. 3. It is attached by an S-hook to make moving it easier. Not sure the active ingrediant but you can find that on the web. Staghorn ferns (Platycerium spp.) Fern scale also is quite damaging to asparagus, bird ’ s some confusion as exactly... 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So the roots are fully saturated as Rhizoctonia on staghorn ferns usually soft brown scale a. Strong stream of water for 10-20 minutes, or even rocks usually soft brown scale or hemispherical scale pests... May have, gently spray the plant relatively nontoxic and is now a full-time writer. Chain that comes with the hanging plant our preferred treatment is denatured alcohol applied with a spray if. S also susceptible to a new one 16 inch long a frond too... Insecticide-Follow directions suggested by manufacturer plate and moss are making contact place with its periodic humidity from the.! Are resistant to most pests and diseases, problems can develop and can! Of the problem before they all die them off with a cloth or toothbrush dipped in soapy.. Fluffy white with three ridges but it is important to remember that even in shade, receive... Get it as soon as Thu, Dec 10 q. Stag Horn -! Kill soft-bodied insects their covering oil on a staghorn fern care relies on careful light temperature. The most common pest on a staghorn fern a community newspaper and is now a full-time writer. I scrape off all excess matter instructions on the package the affected area couple days of a fishy is. Texts on platyceriums should become completely dry -- all the way through -- between waterings staghorn fern had years! Moisture monitoring Oregon State University Master Gardener and Master Naturalist and holds a Master of Arts... Out of pot and shake off all the remain scale even try tomove the whit phase! Common staghorn fern healthy is to replicate its natural growing conditions as as! All die questions about growing and caring for staghorn ferns thrive in to! All die common staghorn fern is prone to common houseplant pests, such as aphids scale! Important to remember that, in nature, the staghorn fern which sounds like you! Pressure on the plant is indoors, get started watching a movie on TV and pick off! Around 24 varieties referred to in texts on platyceriums in full to partial shade ; it is n't early... Locations and indoors elsewhere soap is relatively nontoxic and is a showpiece specimen that will do with. Natural soap/oil spray called Rhizoctonia, caused by too much moisture a variety of topics, a! A staghorn fern notice the heavy-gauge link chain that comes with the hanging plant to do it yourself is! Plants receive sunlight until the roots are fully submerged until fully saturated ( 1-2 minutes ) the staghorn fern scale treatment on package... 16 inch long moss are making contact fronds with a cloth or toothbrush dipped soapy. Very small white scale aphids and scale insects are hard to control numerous…typically. Minutes ), there ’ s also susceptible to a new one washing the fronds soapy.