It was constructed from bricks recycled from Roman fortifications. The Norman conquerors realised that with only 10,000 soldiers in England, they would be at a disadvantage if the one and a half million Anglo-Saxons decided to rebel against them. Back then, these steep stairs were part of a system of features that made your castle safe. 8. The only stone keep castle that is commonly considered to be more impressive than the White Tower is Rochester Castle, which stands at 113 feet tall. A Medieval Castle layout – of the old castle in York, England. or you could build a Norman sand-castle in a sand-pit or on the beach. This is where the whole family can have fun learning about our castle’s sieges with interactive exhibits, games and costumes. However, the Welsh did also build many castles that had a major impact on the land at the time. The adjacent Thomond Bridge replaced a bridge that was built at the same time as King Johns’ castle. All of the fences and buildings were made of wood. Motte and Bailey Table . Many of the original features such as the Norman Keep, medieval Gatehouse and Barbican survive. Norman Stone Castles (2) Europe 950–1204. Motte and Bailiey castles were the earliest form of medieval castles built completely from scratch by the Normans. The early Norman castle at Adrano. It proved to be one of his two castles in East Anglia, the other being Wisbech. Trim Castle, the largest Anglo-Norman castle in Ireland, was constructed over a thirty year period by Hugh de Lacy and his son Walter. Preview and details Files included (5) doc, 18 KB. Castles also evolved over time and they often underwent frequent stages of development and modernisation. The Marcher lordships eventually swung in a great arc from Chester in the north to Chepstow in the south, and then west to Pembroke. Being such a crucial part of the Norman defence, the White Tower was filled with everything required to ensure it was as self-sufficient as possible. Many of today’s castles started out as motte and bailey designs, but don’t look like this today as they have grown and changed over time. Surviving domestic examples are far rarer, but include the so-called Jews’ Houses of Lincoln and the Constable’s House within Christchurch Castle, Dorset. Pevensey castle in East Sussex is an example of a Norman Castle built inside an existing Roman Fort. Norwich Castle is a medieval royal fortification in the city of Norwich, in the English county of Norfolk.It was founded in the aftermath of the Norman conquest of England when William the Conqueror (1066–1087) ordered its construction because he wished to have a fortified place in the town of Norwich. The most common type of Norman castle is the motte and bailey. Framlingham Castle is the first named site for OCR in 2018, followed by Kenilworth Castle in 2019. Norman castles feature steep and often irregular stairs, see above, which would be considered impractical and unsafe these days. The strength of a castle was dependent upon many factors — one of the most important ones was its location. For AQA, GCSE History, modules Historical Environment of Norman England (1066-1100) and Medieval England (1272-1307), Stokesay Castle is the specified site for 2018 followed by Pevensey Castle and Caernarfon Castles as the specified sites for 2019. Dover Castle, one of Great Britain’s most formidable fortresses, is perched strategically atop England’s famous White Cliffs. (Check out this page for an A to Z of Norman castles in England.) Here a small natural hill was used but a deep wide ditch, or fosse, was dug at the bottom and the soil piled on top of the hill to make it higher. Dover is the largest castle in Britain and, together with Windsor Castle and the Tower of London was among the most important fortresses of the early Norman castle system of defense. Use the illustrations provided as a guide for building your castle. Colchester Castle in Essex. With this in mind, let's look at the major features of a castle… Key features. doc, 100 KB. Hugh de Lacy was granted the Liberty of Meath by King Henry II in 1176 in an attempt to curb the expansionist policies of Richard de Clare, {Strongbow}. (1) Castles PPT. Use this labelling activity with your class to accompany lessons about the Middle Ages and beyond. You can use the castle designs for school projects to teach your students about the different parts of a castle and how many of them were used for defence, then test their knowledge by having them fill in the labelling worksheet provided.  For more like this see our Castle … To defend the territory they had conquered, the Normans began building castles all over England. First, by far the largest group of castles were those built by the Anglo-Norman lords of the March (from the French word marche meaning frontier). Castles were built in strategic positions and to be effective had to be kept up to date with the military developments of their time. This included fresh water, dormitories, royal chambers, a chapel, toilets and kitchens. The entrance doorway, which was originally protected by a fore-building, has a fine arch which is partly built of Caen stone brought from Normandy. With rooms located directly above one another, there was a lack of privacy, a quality we consider important today that just wasn’t an issue or a concern back then. As their name suggests they had two parts the Motte and the Bailey. While castles had certain features in common, and had many of the same functions, the actual design was rarely replicated exactly from one example to the next and varied according to status, wealth and time. Archaeologists also discovered the remains of pre-Norman houses and defences from the Viking era on the site. Norman castles were always built on a mound, or motte. Credit: Steve Montgomery, CC-BY-SA-2.0. Under Norman rule the city became the 6th most important in the country, with a beautiful new cathedral, and a massive castle, second only to Windsor in size. Created: Jul 19, 2014. doc, 18 KB. An artist’s impression of Edinburgh Castle before the Lang Siege of 1573. 8. Caen Castle is a good example of a Norman castle built to impress, and to control and defend the local population. The castle was built as a military stronghold and used as a barracks which determined the overall look and feel. 8 - Secret Mission (Soldier) ppt, 3 MB. Warwick Castle is one of the most famous and daunting castles in the world. You can follow a walk around the city that takes in the most important Norman features. Motte and Bailey Castles . How were castles constructed or located to best repel attacks? The true epicenter is Wales, which features more castles per square mile than any other country in Europe. 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