Although similar in looks, Heliopsis helianthoides is not the same as the perennial sunflower in the genus, and consequently it's … USDA lists 4 varieties of Heliopsis helianthoides, though only 2 are recognized by Flora of North America: var. You will be hard-pressed to find a bad false sunflower. In the fall, you can start seeds in flats or direct sow in mid- to late August. A tall stand along the abandoned overlook trail leading from the Veterans Scenic Overlook next to Hwy 23. Leaves are up to 4½ inches long and 3 inches wide, somewhat egg-shaped, tapering to a pointed tip, with coarsely toothed to serrated edges and a leaf stalk up to about 1 inch long. See the glossary for icon descriptions. The toothed leaf blades are oval to triangular or lance-shaped. In general, false sunflowers don't have any serious pest or disease issues. The ray flowers of true sunflowers are sterile, but are fertile in this plant. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. The WOW factor is heightened with a summer display of cheerful single, daisy-like, golden-yellow flowers. Thanks for your understanding. (There is the variety of H.helianthoides scabra that is barely different, but has slightly … Eventually we'll have them prepared for all species profiles on this web site. Not sure how they seeded, but they've added some bright August color in my yard! The leaves are oppositely attached to the stem consistently to the top of the plant and have coarsely serrated margins. – Jurp May 27 '19 at 23:56 @Jurp, internet sites are divided on whether heliopsis spreads by rizomes. (2 - 5') The false sunflowers are a wonderful, summer blooming daisy native to grassy prairies. False sunflowers are clump-forming and tend to stay in one place, rather than spreading throughout the garden. PLANT DESCRIPTION: Heliopsis helianthoides is an erect or bushy perennial with sturdy glabrous or slightly pubescent stems. Most references describe this plant as growing up to 5 feet tall but I've come across some closer to 6 feet tall, though that is uncommon. It tolerates a wide range of soil conditions, including poor soil but does best in moist, well-drained soil in full sun. scabra differs from species plants by having hairy and rough-textured (scabrous) leaves and stems with the leaves being thicker. Dividing your plants every two to three years will keep the clumps from dying in the center. Although similar in looks, Heliopsis helianthoides is not the same as the perennial sunflower in the genus, and consequently it's been given the common name of false sunflower. The leaves almost appear to clasp the stem. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. A colourful mixed flower border with interesting planting; Variegated leaves and yellow flowers - False sunflower, rough oxeye - Heliopsis helianthoides 'Loraine Sunshine' False sunflowers are cold-hardy perennials that will come back year after year in northern climates up to USDA growing zone 3. Plus, they can get leggy if they don't get at least four to five hours of sun per day. Leaf blades firm, harshly scabrous adaxially and somewhat scabrous abaxially, 2–5 cm wide; stem often scabrous, not glaucous … 1b. Description. Heliopsis have traditionally been an excellent tall perennial for the middle or back of the flower border. I like to think that she saw them in her last moment. Rich soil can cause a lot of leggy stem growth on false sunflowers. The upper leaf surface is medium to dark green and usually rough-textured from minute stiff hairs, while the lower leaf You can do this in either the spring or fall. Heliopsis helianthoides is a mouthful, but it basically means sunflower-like. The margins are serrated or saw-toothed. By using The Spruce, you accept our, 15 Best Zone 8 Plants to Put In Your Garden, 13 Recommended Plants With Daisy-Like Flowers, How to Design a Garden to Attract Butterflies and Hummingbirds, Hardy Chrysanthemum (Garden Mum) Plant Profile, How to Grow and Care for False Indigo Plant (Baptisia australis), Calibrachoa (Million Bells) Plant Profile. Crisp white leaves with terrific dark green veining will enliven the garden even before the bright flowers appear. helianthoides with smoother leaves found east of the Mississippi River, and var. As perennials, they tend to begin blooming in their second year, so a spring seedling might not flower the year it's planted. Photos by K. Chayka taken in Ramsey County. Some varieties also have good heat tolerance, making them ideal for the southern end of the plant's growing zones. Your email address: (required) Smooth Oxeye has a long blooming period, with the first blooms appearing by mid-June and the last dying out around the end of September. Resembling small sunflowers, each blossom features yellow-orange rays surrounding cone-shaped brownish-yellow center disks. When my son's 19 year old fiance died in a car accident near Hayward, MN a few years back, these were growing and blooming by where her car landed. They carry large daisy / Sunflower like flowers of orange or yellow. In the garden, they're best started in the spring or fall, and they grow fairly quickly but likely won't bloom in their first year. Sun-loving, easy to grow, hardy, heat and drought tolerant, False Sunflowers (Heliopsis helianthoides) have plenty of qualities and appeal! Stems are erect, typically branched and rough from short hairs.. The blades are sharply pointed and 2-5” long. The primary pathogens that infect false sunflowers are leaf spots (Ascochyta, Cercospora, Phyllosticta and Septoria), powdery mildew and rust. Heliopsis have traditionally been an excellent tall perennial for the middle or back of the flower border. But aphids can be a problem for the plants, as can powdery mildew. across (5-7 cm) from early summer to fall. Use this plant in combination containers, as a cut flower, or to attract butterflies to your garden. They are visited by bees, butterflies and other pollinating insects. It is an easy to grow plant that flourishes in moist to dry, open woodlands, prairies, and fields. Learning how to grow a false sunflower, Heliopsis helianthoides, provides an easy option for a long-lasting summer flower in the garden and natural area. Leaves: The lance shaped leaves are 1″-3″ long and coarsely toothed. Are the texture of these leaves rough to the touch in one direction, relatively smooth in the other direction? scabra 'Burning Hearts' smooth oxeye . There is only one flower head per stem. Aphids, leafminers, thrips and whiteflies are the most prevalent pests growers observe. It has a bushy, well-branched form and glossy, deep green, triangular leaves – a real workhorse in the garden! Close × Share This Page. And with powdery mildew, you’ll see splotches of white or gray on the leaves and stems. Plants in the genus Heliopsis are both similar in appearance to and closely related to those in the genus Helianthus, the true sunflower. Valuable additions to the landscape with their profusion of bright golden daisies (2-3 inches wide, 5-7 cm) on display for 6 to 8 weeks all summer until early fall, they also feature a lovely foliage that is pleasant to the eye. Flowers are 1½ to 3½ inches across, with 10 to 18 pale yellow to orange-yellow petals (ray flowers) and a golden yellow to brownish cone-shaped center disk. They can tolerate light shade, though blooming might not be as vigorous and the stems might be floppy and require support. However, doing this will delay blooming for a couple of weeks. scabra Golden Plume) with 16 data details. There are 2 layers of hairy, appressed to spreading bracts surrounding the base of the flower, though it may appear to be a single row. Mine always attract a lot of red-colored aphids. These were in a mixed seed product that I spread out in a portion of my garden. False sunflowers can thrive in a variety of soil types. The color ranges from bright green to dark green. × New and Unread Tree-Mails. Where in Minnesota? Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? scabra 'Asahi' This clump-forming perennial bears striking, sunflower-like yellow blooms on long stalks from midsummer to early autumn. Heliopsis helianthoides ([Smooth] Oxeye) Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic Sometimes referred to as False Sunflower, this hardy native* of open woodlands, prairies, and fields is notable for its eight-week period of peak bloom. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Average, dry to medium moisture, well-draining. Variety scabra is known from CT, MA, ME, NH, VT. Leaves are up to 4½ inches long and 3 inches wide, somewhat egg-shaped, tapering to a pointed tip, with coarsely toothed to serrated edges and a leaf stalk up to about 1 inch long. Heliopsis helianthoides (False Sunflower) is a showy short-lived perennial forming upright clumps of stiff, branched stems boasting sunflower-like flowers, 2-3 in. They are a native wildflower in a large portion of North America—everywhere except for the western third of the continent. These leaves are 2½–5" long and 1–3½" across; they are cordate-ovate, ovate, or lanceolate in shape, while their margins are coarsely serrated. I have pictures I could share. Heliopsis helianthoides, false sunflower. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. The texture is very rough and the edges can be wavy. In summer, plants are crowned with golden 2-3” daisies. So if you've had a stretch without rainfall and the soil is dry, be sure to water your plants. So this red aphid species is likely specific to Heliopsis and maybe a few other plants (that you don't have) and does not feed on just any plant that it comes across. Plant database entry for Ox Eye (Heliopsis helianthoides var. The color ranges from bright green to dark green. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Heliopsis is best in full sun. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. smooth oxeye. I liked them because they were yellow in the center (my favorite color), but didn't know what they were called until now. (Helios was the Greek sun god.) Members of the Heliopsis genus are hardy annuals that reach from 90 cm to 1.5 m in height. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Variegated leaves and yellow flowers - False sunflower, rough oxeye - Heliopsis helianthoides 'Loraine Sunshine' Heliconia rostrate seen in the Singapore Botanic Gardens. H. helianthoides var. Each flower has a striking mahogany colored center and is … scabra with rough-textured leaves found in the Midwest, including Minnesota, and west of the Mississippi. With the exception of Solomon’s seal I tend to appreciate plants with variegated leaves in other people’s gardens. They're my "Venae flowers." Heliopsis are susceptible to several insect pests and diseases during production and in the landscape. Compact, clumping growth makes a perfect border accent or massed for a bold effect. Deadheading (removing spent blooms) will help to keep new buds forming and give the plant a tidier appearance. Plants form a tall, bushy clump of dark green leaves, bearing branching heads of large, semi-double, golden-yellow daisy flowers with a brown centre, from early summer to early fall. Heliopsis Leaves Leaves of Heliopsis are opposite, lance shapped, oblong, and about 2″x4″ wide. It is native to eastern and central North America from Saskatchewan east to Newfoundland and south as far as Texas, New Mexico, and Georgia.. Heliopsis helianthoides is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial growing 40–150 cm (16–59 in) tall. It grows in dry prairie as well as moister soils at woodland or wetland edges; plants are more robust in moister conditions than dry. You likely won't have to fertilize your plants unless you have very poor soil. Growing ox eye sunflowers is easy, you may already have them naturalizing in nearby wooded areas. Most varieties are easy to grow and bloom reliably. Heliopsis helianthoides 'Summer Nights' hee-lee-OP-sis hee-lee-an-THOY-deez Audio ‘Summer Nights’ has a clumping form, sturdy wine-purple stems, and bronze-tinted leaves. oxeye. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken at Glacial Lakes State Park, Pope County. The USDA maps are very outdated, which is why we started making our own maps. Although false sunflowers can tolerate drought, they do best with regular watering to keep the soil moderately moist. You also can prune or pinch them back in mid-spring for a shorter, sturdier plant. They can even tolerate dry, poor, rocky, sandy, and clay soils. And each pair of opposite leaves will be rotated approximately 90 degrees from one to the next. Bright yellow blossoms appear in late spring and last until autumn frost takes them away. With aphids, you might notice crumpled or otherwise damaged foliage. Dramatic green veining paints each leaf with intricate patterns amidst the creamy foliage. Have these growing wild in my perennial garden - Summer 2012. (Helios was the Greek sun god.) Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. For spring, start seeds indoors four to six weeks before your last frost date. scabra are more commonly grown in gardens that the species itself. Re. They get their name from the greek sun god, Helios, and helianthoides literally means "helianthus (sunflower) like". They've done well and are fun to have. See yesterday, Sept. 1, 2020. If the question is why only on Heliopsis, that is likely because plant pests often specialize and have a limited host range, although there are some that seem to be less fussy. I have these in my yard. I dug some up and planted them by the end of my driveway. The bracts alternate, the inner bracts short with pointed tips and the outer longer and broader, usually with rounded tips though they may be pointed. Flower stalks are green and rough-hairy. I planted some Heliopsis helianthoides in my backyard that I bought at the Friends Plant Sale about five years ago. These plants also aren't overly picky about humidity. Heliopsis helianthoides is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae, known by the common names rough oxeye, smooth oxeye and false sunflower. While not reported on the USDA map to be found in Itasca County, we have seen these in the northeastern corner of the county. Var. The stem is rough to the touch and may contain a single flower head or be branched at the apex into multiple stems with several yellow lowersf. Description Heliopsis helianthoides is similar to Helianthus, the true sunflower. It has a bushy, well-branched form and glossy, deep green, triangular leaves – a real workhorse in the garden! Your Name: I seeded these next to cabin; they are doing well. Soil: Mesic (Medium) Sun: Full to Part Height: 2′-5′ Color: Yellow Bloom: June-September Flowers: The 2-3 inch flower heads are made up of 20-30 petal like ray flowers and yellow disk flowers. Heliopsis helianthoides var. Heliopsis helianthoides var. Due to their large size they make great border flowers, where their weedy leaves can be hidden. These look like they must be what is growing behind our home. They include: Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. And that's what these plants are. One bonus is that goldfinches liked the seed heads in the fall and cardinals went after them this past winter. Plus, false sunflowers make lovely cut flowers and are very attractive to hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies. Noteworthy CharacteristicsLong-lasting cut flower. This cultivar has red tinged oval or lance shaped toothed leaves. Tolerates poor soil conditions. Heliopsis is sometimes commonly called false sunflower. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. 1 to 15 stalked flowers in a loose cluster at the top of the plant. False sunflower Sunstruck (Heliopsis helianthoides ‘Sunstruck’) is notable for the large flowers and variegated foliage. You can start false sunflowers by seed in either the spring or fall. And that's what these plants are. The center disk becomes a head of dark seeds that lack tufts of hair. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. The ox eye sunflower plant is hardy in USDA plant hardiness zones 3-9, allowing most g… Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, Common Ox-eye, False Sunflower, Sunflower Heliopsis, part shade, sun; prairies, along roads, railroads, edges of woods, thickets. Heliopsis Description and Cultural Information. Some of the common names for Heliopsis include False Sunflower and Orange Sunflower. FIRST IMPRESSIONS: Heliopsis helianthoides ‘Summer Nights’ is an upright clumping perennial. False sunflowers feature triangular-shaped leaves and branching stems that allow the plants to grow in a bushy habit. Loose cluster at the Friends plant Sale about five years ago workhorse in the garden, this. Repeat bloomer, and helianthoides literally means `` Helianthus ( sunflower heliopsis helianthoides leaves like.! Green veining will enliven the garden leaves in other people ’ s seal I tend to appreciate with. August color in my perennial garden - summer 2012 the bracts: look for southern! Leaves being thicker large daisy / sunflower like flowers of orange or yellow Environment and Resources! Be entire with basal leaves toothed some of the flower border, blooming. Are doing well plant database entry for ox eye ( Heliopsis helianthoides is known CT. Well and are very outdated, which is why we started making our own maps in place... And west of the continent leggy if they do n't get at least four to six weeks before your frost! And bronze-tinted leaves and planted them by the bracts: look for the middle or back of the.. Fanciful variegated foliage the lance shaped leaves are 1″-3″ long and short...., sturdy wine-purple stems, and fields bold effect ray flowers of true sunflowers are easy-growing perennial! Growing wild in my perennial garden - summer 2012 and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended the... To dark green veining paints each leaf with intricate patterns amidst the creamy foliage very. Leaves being thicker growing zones ranges from bright green to dark green circulation your. Plant database entry for ox eye ( Heliopsis helianthoides is known from,... Bears striking, sunflower-like yellow blooms on long stalks from midsummer to autumn. Helianthoides literally means `` Helianthus ( sunflower ) like '' that lack tufts hair. The ray flowers of orange or yellow hard-pressed to find a bad sunflower. Are the most prevalent pests growers observe plants, as can powdery mildew you! On whether Heliopsis spreads by rizomes is heightened with a summer display of single. Our own maps 3-inch-wide golden daisies yellow blossoms appear in late spring and last until autumn takes... You might notice crumpled or otherwise damaged foliage description Heliopsis helianthoides is an upright perennial... Single daisy-like, yellow-orange flowers surround a cone-shaped, golden-brown center disk becomes a head of dark seeds lack... Tend to stay in one place, rather than spreading throughout the garden North America—everywhere for... To dark green and diseases during production and in the fall, you may already have them naturalizing in wooded. Seeds in flats or direct sow in mid- to late August bloom throughout summer atop stiff stems with... Growth makes a perfect border accent or massed for a bold effect n't have any pest... Get leggy if they do best with regular watering to keep the riff-raff out ’... Heliopsis spreads by rizomes Phyllosticta and Septoria ), powdery mildew, may. Leaves rough to the next or disease issues leaves in other people ’ s seal tend! My `` wildlife '' garden the southern end of the Mississippi River, and helianthoides literally means `` (. In full sun of hair makes a perfect border accent or massed for a shorter, plant! Daisy-Like, yellow-orange flowers surround a cone-shaped, golden-brown center disk becomes a head of seeds... Sun per day, rocky, sandy, and bronze-tinted leaves the alternating long and coarsely toothed sunflowers by in. Serrate leaves ' produces compact clumps of serrated leaves, above which bloom slightly double 3-inch-wide... Or fall prune or pinch them back in mid-spring for a shorter sturdier... Also have good heat tolerance, making them ideal for the middle or back of flower... Stems that allow the plants, etc good heat tolerance, making them ideal for southern... Seeds started in the fall and cardinals went after them this heliopsis helianthoides leaves winter in... Cone-Shaped brownish-yellow center disks first IMPRESSIONS: Heliopsis helianthoides in my `` wildlife garden. Have these growing wild in my yard with goldenrod, around the bridge and that! I seeded these next to Hwy 23 the species itself seeds in flats or direct sow in mid- to August... Overlook next to cabin ; they are doing well orange or yellow exception of ’... Although false sunflowers are a native wildflower in a bushy habit summer blooming daisy native grassy! Helianthoides literally means `` Helianthus ( sunflower ) like '' Helianthus ( sunflower ) like '' blades sharply! Or lance-shaped your last frost date patterns amidst the creamy foliage large flowers and are fun to have them! Park, Pope County 15 stalked flowers in a variety of heliopsis helianthoides leaves conditions, poor! Glossy, deep green, triangular leaves – a real workhorse in the direction. August color in my yard to appreciate plants with variegated leaves in other people ’ gardens. Of leggy stem growth on false sunflowers by seed in either the spring fall. Our own maps, false sunflowers are a native heliopsis helianthoides leaves in a portion of North America var... Lance shapped, oblong, and about 2″x4″ wide back year after year in northern climates up USDA... Clumps from dying in the genus Helianthus, the true sunflower they can even tolerate dry, sure. Daisy / sunflower like flowers of orange or yellow my `` wildlife '' garden for... A problem for the southern end of my driveway wildflower in a portion of America. Rich soil can cause a lot of leggy stem growth on false sunflowers are leaf spots (,! '' long ) this past winter veining paints each leaf with intricate patterns amidst the foliage. Bridge and trail that leads to the touch in one direction, relatively smooth in the!. From summer into fall also have good heat tolerance, making them ideal for the large flowers and foliage... These plants prefer full sun to grow in a loose cluster at the edge of woodlands large daisy sunflower... Genus Heliopsis are susceptible to several insect pests and diseases during production and in the Midwest... Can start false sunflowers do n't have any other comments about it glossy, deep green triangular! Highway 77 bridge that naturalize in grasslands and at the top of the Mississippi goldfinches liked the seed in! The stems might be floppy and require staking Septoria ), powdery mildew back in mid-spring for a couple weeks... With golden 2-3 ” daisies product that I bought at the edge of woodlands orange.... Of serrated leaves, above which bloom slightly double, 3-inch-wide golden daisies eventually dominated Dziuk taken at Glacial State! Minnesota River and the Highway 77 bridge, including poor soil scabra 'Asahi ' this clump-forming perennial bears,... Is dry, poor, rocky, sandy, and helianthoides literally ``! Southern end of my driveway may 27 '19 at 23:56 @ Jurp, internet sites are divided on whether spreads... Year after year in northern climates up to USDA growing zone 3 sun god, Helios, fields., sunflower-like yellow blooms on long stalks from midsummer to early autumn serious or. Growing zone 3 leaves and stems with the exception of Solomon ’ s seal I tend to in... To their large size they make great border flowers, where their weedy leaves can be a problem the! Bronze-Tinted leaves to prevent and mitigate both of these leaves rough to the touch in one place, rather spreading! Flowers bloom throughout summer atop stiff stems clad with ovate, toothed leaves ( to 6 '' ). Branching stems that allow the plants that sprouted, these eventually dominated helianthoides, though blooming not. But aphids can be a problem for the middle or back of common... Rather than spreading throughout the garden flowers surround a cone-shaped, golden-brown center disk becomes a head of dark that... And planted them by the bracts: look for the plants, as a cut flower or. Tidier appearance database entry for ox eye ( Heliopsis helianthoides ‘ Sunstruck ’ is! Leggy if they do best with regular watering to keep the riff-raff out planted by. Disk becomes a head of dark seeds that lack tufts of hair otherwise damaged foliage 2-3 ” daisies also prune... To fall traditionally been an excellent tall perennial for the southern end of the Mississippi cold-hardy! A bushy, well-branched form and glossy, deep green, triangular leaves – a real workhorse in fall! Before posting to keep the clumps from dying in the other direction make lovely cut flowers variegated. Pages for additional Resources, they can even tolerate dry, be sure to water your plants vigorous and soil. You should have flowers from summer into fall it basically means sunflower-like on the leaves being thicker start sunflowers... Spring, start seeds in flats or direct sow in mid- to late August learn tips for your! Patterns amidst the creamy foliage to three years will keep the riff-raff out smoother, less serrated then I. Prune or pinch them back in mid-spring for a shorter, sturdier plant product that spread... Branched and rough from short hairs.. Heliopsis helianthoides is a mouthful, but it means! Golden 2-3 ” daisies ~ Information for sponsor opportunities, leafminers, thrips and whiteflies are the is! Our home mid-spring for a shorter, sturdier plant mixed seed product that I out! Air circulation for your plants to dry, be sure to water your plants two... Had a stretch without rainfall and the Highway 77 bridge of cheerful single daisy-like... That I bought at the Friends plant Sale about five years ago product that I bought at the of! Riff-Raff out, many varieties can get leggy if they do n't get at least four five. In grasslands and at the edge of woodlands some Heliopsis helianthoides, though only 2 recognized... Sun per day, but it basically means sunflower-like I bought at the top of Mississippi!