Modern scholars sometimes call him Moctezuma II to differentiate him from the other emperor of the name, but in his time the number was not used. Moctezuma II was the 9 th ruler of the Aztec Empire, whose unfortunate reign coincided with the arrival of the Spanish under the conquistador Hernan Cortez (Hernán Cortés). Other sources claim he was killed by his own people, who felt he had lost them the empire. Montezuma II Xocoyotzín, Emperor of the Aztecs . The Aztec people, however, resented the … Moctezuma II ruled over the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. Montezuma Was Not Really … However, Moctezuma II is most famous for being the Aztec ruler during the. When Montezuma II was born (circa 1466), the Aztec empire spread to present-day Honduras and Nicaragua. He was born around the year 1466 and was bound to be a successful ruler before he reigned during 1502 to 1520. However, Montezuma was doomed to be the last great Aztec king. Or was it already about to be torn apart by civil war?Either way, many today suggest that he accomplished a lot in the building and maintaining of the empire, until its fall. He was a warrior leader considered to be a demi-god by his subjects, who in his early years massively expanded the … the Spanish as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. Often mistaken for his popular descendant, Moctezuma II, Moctezuma I greatly contributed to the famed Aztec Empire that thrived until Spanish arrival, and he ruled over a period of peace from 1440 to 1453. The Spanish were no doubt anxious to justify the conquest of the empire. I can identify major Spanish explorers and conquistadors of the Americas. Moctezuma II was born in 1466 to Axayacatl, the sixth ruler of the Aztec Empire, and Xochicueyetl. The second version of his death, which comes from Aztec accounts of the event, is that Moctezuma II was killed by the Spanish as they fled the city following the Aztec retaliation for the. They believed that Moctezuma II was weak and had let the Spanish take over the city. By the end of his rule, the Spanish had taken over and the Aztecs no longer ruled themselves. These city-states ruled the area in and around the Mexico Valley from 1428 until they were defeated by the Spanish in 1521 as part of the Spanish conquest. Montezuma was a brave warrior in the field as well as a skilled … Question: Moctezuma II ruled over the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the eighteenth century. MOCTEZUMA II is a historical conundrum. Many may have been happy for the chance to free themselves from the powerful Aztecs. Moctezuma II ruled over A. the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the eighteenth century. Related Questions in History. LOGIN TO VIEW ANSWER. World Digital Library. Wrapping up the year with the third of its major exhibitions in 2009, the British Museum brings us a selection of recent archaeological discoveries from the time Moctezuma II ruled the Aztec Empire. It has also been applied to certain non-European rulers, such as those of … There is much more to Montezuma than his defeat by the Spanish, however. Montezuma's indecision in the face of these unknown invaders certainly contributed to the fall of his empire and civilization. Moctezuma welcomed Cortés but was seized by the Spanish and later killed during fighting. When Cortés and his men arrived in Tenochtitlan, Moctezuma II, who precariously ruled over a large empire, chose to welcome Cortés as an honored guest, rather than risk a war which might quickly be joined by aggrieved indigenous people. Ruled the Aztec Empire from 1469-1481 when he died leaving his brother.Tizoc, to take over the throne. We know that Moctezuma II, or Montezuma as he is sometimes called, was the last elected Aztec emperor and ruled over an empire that stretched from the shores of the Pacific to the Gulf of Mexico. What do we really know about Moctezuma II (also called Montezuma), the Aztec emperor who met Hernan Cortes and saw the start of an incredible clash of civilizations? Moctezuma II ruled over the empire of the Mexica, as they called themselves – it is pronounced Mesheeka, while the term Aztecs was introduced by later writers – from 1502. Moctezuma II ruled over the empire of the Mexica, as they called themselves – it is pronounced Mesheeka, while the term Aztecs was introduced by later writers – … According to these beliefs, the Aztecs expected an important god by the name of Quetzalcoatl - a white, bearded god - to return to rule over the empire. Answers (1) Macy October 14, 3:54 AM. He strengthened the reign of himself and his nobles, though his conquests were not as widespread as the ruler before him. According to these beliefs, the Aztecs expected an important god by the name of Quetzalcoatl - a white, bearded god - to return to rule over the empire. He surrendered to the Spanish in 1520. In this period, the Aztecs controlled Mexico and Central America. On the 8th of November 1519, Cortes and Moctezuma met. the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. . Cuitláhuac, the younger brother of Moctezuma II, was chosen as the next tlatoani to rule over Tenochtitlan. He is famous for being the ruler of the Aztec empire at the start of the Spanish conquest of Mexico. Spanish massacre of Aztec people in the Great Temple of Tenochtitlan, https://www.historycrunch.com/moctezuma-ii.html#/. Explore . If you quote this material please be courteous and provide a link. When he came to power he continued the campaigns of conquest and expanded the Aztec Empire even further than it had already in the previous decades. His name glyph, shown in the upper left corner of the image from the Codex Mendoza above, was composed of a diadem (xiuhuitzolli) on straight hair with an attached earspool, a separate nosepiece and a speech scroll. Although the Aztec Empire expanded to its peak under the reign of Moctezuma, it also eventually fell victim to the conquistadores , who took over the capital (now Mexico City) after the ruler himself was killed. When his father died in 1481, the throne passed to one of his uncles, Tizocic, who reigned until 1486. Montezuma II was the 9th emperor of the Aztecs, he was know as Motecuhzuma Xocoyotzin. Chapter 6 Lesson 2 Explorers and Conquerors Learning Targets I can describe Moctezuma II’s rule over the Aztec Empire. The Spanish overthrew the Aztec Empire with the aid of thousands of the Aztec’s enemies. Often mistaken for his popular descendant, Moctezuma II, Moctezuma I greatly contributed to the famed Aztec Empire that thrived until Spanish arrival, and he ruled over a period of peace from 1440 to 1453. During this time, Moctezuma served as a general under his uncle. 1466 – June 1520), also known by a number of variant spellings including Montezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma and referred to in full by early Nahuatl texts as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin and similar, was the ninth tlatoani or ruler of Tenochtitlan, reigning from 1502 to 1520.It was during Moctezuma's reign that the episode known as the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire began. For centuries scholars have puzzled over the man - what he thought, what drove him, why he made the decisions he did. Millions of people in 38 provinces paid tribute to the Aztec ruler, Montezuma II, prior to the Spanish Conquest in 1521. Post Your Question. He was born in Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec Empire, which is today called Mexico City. He was in turn succeeded by another of Moctezuma’s uncles, Ahuitzotl. He may have been killed by the Spanish when they felt he was no longer useful. When he came to power after Ahuitzotl's death, it was natural that his job should be to consolidate the power that had come so recently to the Aztecs. By the early 16th century, the Aztecs had come to rule over up to 500 small states, and some 5 to 6 million people, either by conquest or commerce. During Montezuma’s reign, a period The use of a regnal number is only for modern distinction from the first Moctezuma, referred to as Moctezuma I bec… It has been written with a wide variety of spellings, the most common of which today are Montezuma and Moctezuma. Death of Moctezuma II from the Florentine Codex. The articles on this site are ©2006-2020. He ruled an empire of over 5 million people. the Incas as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. It is often linked to the bacterium E. coli. LOGIN TO POST ANSWER. Moctezuma welcomed Cortés but was seized by the Spanish and later killed during fighting. C. the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. What do we really know about Moctezuma II (also called Montezuma), the Aztec emperor who met Hernan Cortes and saw the start of an incredible clash of civilizations? From 1502 to 1519, Montezuma had proven himself to be an able leader in war, politics, religion, and diplomacy. It just so happened that Cortes was white and bearded, fitting the general description. Moctezuma II. Ancestry. Toggle navigation. He surrendered to the Spanish in 1520. What hand Moctezuma II had in that fall may never be known. He had also built a large public works program and built a dike at Lake Texcoco to keep the lake from flooding his capital city of Tenochtitlan. Moctezuma tried to keep Cortes from entering and taking the city but ended up as a hostage while Cortes and his allies took over. In fact, this was the expedition of Juan de Grijalva who was a Spanish conquistador and one of the first European explorers to arrive in Mexico. 01. of 10. (1466–1520). Cremation of Moctezuma II from the Florentine Codex. The name signifies frowning and kingly anger. Close. Quetzalcoatl: The Feathered Serpent of Mexico The Aztecs believed that their ancestors were not from Central America. Evidence seems to be mounting that Moctezuma II was actually an industrious and clever ruler. Moctezuma brought social, economical, and political reform to strengthen Aztec rule, and Tenochititlan benefited from relations with other tribes. The Nahuatl pronunciation of his name is [motek%CA%B7%CB%88so%CB%90ma]. Moctezuma II ruled over. Emperor, title designating the sovereign of an empire, conferred originally on rulers of the Roman Empire and on various later European rulers, including the Holy Roman emperors, the Russian tsars, and Napoleon Bonaparte. He greatly expanded the Aztec Empire which reached its maximum size during his reign. Cortés men leveled the city and captured Cuauhtemoc, the Aztec emperor. 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