Does the work proceed from a respect for an adherence to the principles of truthfulness, an allegiance to citizens and community at large, and informing rather than manipulating— concepts that set journalism apart from other forms of communication? submitted as a Word document). IndependenceJournalists must be independent voices; they should not act, formally or informally, on behalf of special interests whether political, corporate or cultural. The term has varied applications. Home > Standards and Values > Independence. Governance, transparency, and accountability in particular depend on a healthy, robust independent media and journalism sector. Journalism in Belarus: 'Like walking through a minefield' Independent journalists are being beaten, detained and prosecuted in Belarus. People increasingly see the press as part of an establishment from which they feel alienated, rather than as a public surrogate acting in their behalf. This applies even to those who work in the realm of opinion, criticism and commentary. Anyone can be a journalist. (Guild members in the United States are not required to seek permission to take a second job unless it could be considered in competition with Reuters). To refuse such a gift may cause offence and in weighing what to do, a journalist must be mindful of a society’s culture and traditions. Our independence stems not only from the structure of Reuters but also from our duty as journalists to avoid conflicts of interest or situations that could give rise to a perception of a conflict. Verification, independence and accountability are the characteristics of quality journalism. Under no circumstances should we take or offer payment (whether in cash or in kind) for a news story. The concept of media independence has often been contested as a normative principle in media policy and journalism. A good test of whether to accept the gift or politely decline is the value of the item. But this assessment always includes a degree of fantasy. Independence of spirit and mind, rather than neutrality, is the principle journalists must keep in focus. Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States About Blog The Nieman Journalism Lab is an attempt to help journalism make the uneasy transition into the Internet age. Lara Logan, former correspondent for “60 Minutes,” caused a stir last week when, on a podcast called “Mike Drop,” she said that too many in the media have become “political activists.” … freedom from the control, influence, support, aid, or the like, of others. A traditional gift of purely nominal value may be appropriate to accept. In international development, the term independent media is used in relation to the development … Accuracy, independence, and impartiality: How legacy media and digital natives approach standards in the digital age Reuters Institute Fellow's Paper In the digital age, one of the most complex challenges for media outlets is how to re-shape the editorial responsibilities of journalism itself. Thank you for taking the time to help us continue to improve our handbook. Verified facts must form the basis of all news, not rumour or speculation. Submissions in contests not judged by journalists are generally not permissible and must be approved by the Ethics & Standards editor. Potter is executive director of NewsLab, an online resource for journalists in Washington. Independent media refers to any form of media, such as radio, television, newspapers or Internet-based publications, that is free of influence by government or corporate interests. Reuters never submits stories, scripts or images to sources to vet before publication. Reuters Trust Principles and the Board of Trustees exist to guarantee the independence of Reuters and also the editorial independence of journalists within Reuters. Media independence is the absence of external control and influence on an institution or individual working in the media.It is a measure of one's capacity to "make decisions and act according to its own logic," and distinguishes independent media from state media. The oldest journalism association in the United States, the SPJ aims to promote the First Amendment guarantees of freedom of speech and freedom of the press, partly by encouraging reporters to practice the high standards in its ethics code. You must not allow any investments held by you or your immediate family to influence you in your work for Reuters. Just as it should with political ideology, the question is not neutrality, but purpose. “…Being impartial or neutral is not a core principle of journalism. We may, of our own volition, check back with a source to verify a quote or to satisfy ourselves about the reliability of factual information but we also need to ensure that in doing so we do not give sources an opportunity to retract or materially alter a quote or information to their advantage. ... Development of the Mass Media & Journalism in the United States: History & Timeline T his issue of CJR is a snapshot of an industry in flux, during a time in which we can mourn what’s lost and begin thinking of what we’re better off without. Permission will normally be given only if the story warrants coverage and to insist on paying would be impractical. It bolsters legitimacy and credibility in the eyes of the public. Independence. Independence is an underlying requirement of journalism, a cornerstone of its reliability. Within the United States and other developed countries, it is often used synonymously with alternative media to refer to media that specifically distinguish themselves in relation to the mainstream media. Independence of spirit and mind, rather than neutrality, is the principle journalists must keep in focus. If we do have to submit quotes for approval, we should not agree to a quote being materially changed. The important implication is this: The meaning of freedom of speech and freedom of the press is that they belong to everyone. The journalism business must be rebuilt and reconceived. A media organisation will be judged on the accuracy and reliability of its journalism, which must be well-sourced, supported by strong evidence, examined and tested, clear and unambiguous. Independent journalism has flourished on the island in the past five years, at great risk but with a protozoic zeal for truth and real reporting. If you think that there is a potential for conflict in any of your activities you should raise this with your manager. …impartiality was never what was meant by objectivity. Mark Twain famously said that “it is by the goodness of God that in our country we have those three unspeakably precious things: freedom of speech, freedom of conscience, and the prudence never to practice either of them.” Independence. Why is independence, not neutrality, a fundamental principle of journalism? Independence from faction suggests there is a way to be a journalist without either denying the influence of personal experience or being hostage to it…. Again, journalists must obtain permission from their manager to proceed. This journalistic calling to independence from faction should sit atop all the culture and personal history journalists bring to their job…. A gift of more than nominal value should be declined, using an explanation of our policies. What is actually being insinuated by places that declare their journalistic “independence,” then, is editorial independence—the idea that they answer to no one but the truth. Independence. Reuters does not use gifts of value, in cash or in kind, to influence sources. …the critical step in pursing truthfulness and informing citizens is not neutrality but independence…. Media play a key role in our democracies and they should always be independent,” she said. The journalism that people from a diversity of perspectives produce together is better than that which any of them could produce alone…. Independent journalists were able to establish a connection with people. If a gift of some value proves impossible to decline, it should be surrendered to the journalist’s manager for donation to a suitable charity. Staff in any doubt about how to behave should discuss the appropriate action with their manager. While editorialists and commentators are not neutral, the source of their credibility is … It trains students to be responsible members of the society. Making an improper offer can also subject Reuters and its employees to fines or imprisonment. MEDIA, 31 Aug 2020 . Thomson Reuters Code of Conduct reminds journalists that they must not accept any payment, gift, service or benefit (whether in cash or in kind) offered by a news source or contact. Having an opinion is not only allowable, not only natural, but it is valuable to the natural skepticism with which any good reporter approaches a story. If you are not sure, hold fire. Accepting such hospitality when there is no news value might well be seen to create an unreasonable obligation to the source. Independence from state control, business interests, market forces, or any other vested interest or outside pressure is a hallmark of dispassionate, critical, and reliable journalism. By providing free and independent information, Sirleaf’s “newspaper,” The Daily Talk, promotes dialogue and can help prevent future conflicts. We support efforts to build a free and safe environment for journalism. Independence from faction suggests there is a way to be a journalist without either denying the influence of personal experience or being hostage to it…. and may need to escalate. Our standard position is that we pay our own way and make our own travel arrangements. Independence definition, the state or quality of being independent. People would approach independent journalists … Their credibility is rooted instead in the same dedication to accuracy, verification, the larger public interest, and a desire to inform that all other journalists subscribe to…. Approval will not be granted to enter work for awards from companies, institutions, lobby groups, governments, political parties or associations and advocacy groups whose criteria are self-serving or whose aim in granting the award could be construed as an attempt to influence the impartiality and tenor of the recipient’s work or Reuters coverage. Download the complete Handbook of Independent Journalism [PDF 834kB].) We should resist such requests where possible. Such cases might include flying to a remote location to cover a famine story with an aid organisation, taking a military flight to a war zone or interviewing a company CEO on a private jet. We do not write stories, take photographs or film events to help clinch a sales contract or alter our coverage of a company, government or institution to suit Reuters commercial interests. Any political affiliations or financial investments that might constitute a conflict of interest with the subject they are writing about should be declared to editors and readers. We identify and promote innovation in how the news gets reported, shared, and consumed — whether that's at traditional news organizations, the new generation of online startups, or something in between. The standard is detailed in the section of this Handbook Personal investments by Reuters journalists. Neutrality only focuses on fairness and balance while independence has focus on the good of the people (don't have to be neutral); it is fundamental because journalists work primarily for the good of the people. In other words, it is an independent opinion. The Open Society Program on Independent Journalism supports journalism that verifies, exposes, and explains reality while inspiring the kind of self-reflection and critical thinking that open society requires. It expects us to apply sound news judgment and to produce stories and images that are accurate, fair and balanced. Become a member and unlock all Study Answers. Journalists should avoid taking political sides and should not act on behalf of special interest groups. The Independent Journalism Fund (IJF) supports independent journalists and alternative media in Central America so that they can research and report on the realities of the region, give voice to the people, and promote democracy. Bringing Independent Journalism to All. Accuracy comes ahead of speed. Permission will be routinely granted if the activities do not affect Reuters. What is the abbreviation for Independent Kurdistan Journalism? Mark Twain famously said that “it is by the goodness of God that in our country we have those three unspeakably precious things: freedom of speech, freedom of conscience, and the prudence never to practice either of them.” Employees may submit journalistic work produced for Reuters only in contests that are judged by journalists, and with the approval of their manager. Potter is executive director of NewsLab, an online resource for journalists in Washington. If that is impractical or will restrict access to sources, you must consult your manager about the offer. In 2014, the blackboard spread credible information and prevention strategies about Ebola. In 1791, American legislators adopted the First Amendment to the US Constitution: “Congress shall make no law … abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press.” But as The Caravan Executive Editor Vinod Jose has noted, India’s “First Amendment [of 1951] said exactly the opposite: nothing in the future shall ‘prevent the State from making any law’ that takes away the fr… Verification, independence and accountability are the characteristics of … Interview subjects or their organisations or companies sometimes ask to see the quotes we plan to publish or broadcast before they are issued. You may not engage in paid work outside Reuters unless your manager has given you permission in advance. In columns, features, data, and images, we examine the … Independence has been an important journalism value for years and remains one of the four core principles of the Society of Professional Journalists Code of Ethics. The section in the Independence of Journalism By Noam Chomsky Chomsky.info, January 7, 2017. We welcome your comments and suggestions. We praise the courage of the latter and all too often take for granted the freedom of the former. Independence of Journalism. Help advance the Nieman Foundation’s mission “to promote and elevate the standards of journalism” by making a donation. Noam Chomsky - TRANSCEND Media Service. Independence is an underlying requirement of journalism, a cornerstone of its reliability. The classic book The Elements of Journalism defines independence as “independence from faction” and states that journalists “must maintain an independence from those they cover.” Under this definition, Graham Davis comes nowhere close to qualifying as independent, as he is employed by the Fiji government faction. Covering thought leadership in journalism. It is news that has been verified by an independent organization that is accountable for the information. The Entering competitions and receiving awards, Personal investments by Reuters journalists, http://handbook.reuters.com/index.php?title=Independence. See more. What follows is not an exhaustive list of conflicts that might arise. It is this independence of spirit and mind, rather than neutrality, that journalists must keep in focus…. This would include, for example, writing a book or articles, addressing a conference or commercial or news photography. How is the media managing to report on … Sympathetic consideration will be given to unsolicited awards from reputable media rights groups or from official institutions that recognise a journalist’s contribution to civil society in a way that cannot be construed as self-serving. In the course of gathering news, journalists are often invited to breakfasts, luncheons or dinners. Not everyone is. the state or quality of being independent. Accuracy is essential if journalism is to inform the public debate. Just as it should with political ideology, the question is not neutrality, but purpose. noun Also independency. Failure to adhere to the standard will be subject to the disciplinary procedures in force in the location where any infraction occurs. To promote and elevate the standards of journalism, © 2020 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College, Summer 2004: Journalist’s Trade Introduction. https://www.writersbureau.com/writing/what-is-freelance-journalism.htm Except under any arrangements made for employees by Reuters, you must not use any of Reuters transaction or communications facilities for your own – or any other individual’s – personal investment purposes. In exceptional circumstances, it may be impossible to get to the news without accepting free travel or accommodation. The What is actually being insinuated by places that declare their journalistic “independence,” then, is editorial independence—the idea that they answer to no one but the truth. “A lot of tech innovation in journalism is funded by the Google News Initiative. In some societies it is traditional to offer or receive gifts on special occasions, such as secular or religious holidays. But this assessment always includes a degree of fantasy. IKJ abbreviation stands for Independent Kurdistan Journalism. Please enter all fields marked above. But Google is a company, right? Any unsolicited award for work done for Reuters should be reported immediately by the intended recipient to a manager, who should consider the matter in the spirit of these principles. What I think many people mean when they talk about independent journalism is, “Will you be able to say what needs to be said when you need to say it?” Notice, the ability to say what needs to be said is not the same as the willingness to say what needs to be said. They should declare to their editors – or directly to the audience – any relevant information about political affiliations, financial arrangements or other personal connections that might constitute a conflict of interest. (Adapted from an article by Deborah Potter published in the Handbook of Independent Journalism. Meaning of freedom of speech and freedom of the Mass media & journalism in the of... If journalism is to inform the public debate who work in the course of news... Calling to independence from faction should sit atop all the culture and personal History journalists to. Offering a gift of purely nominal value may be appropriate to accept or commercial or news photography of perspectives together. 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