All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Adapted image was created by EuroHistoryTeacher and is published on Wikimedia Commons under a CC BY license. This was due to many strategies and policies inflicted by the Nazis. Even as many Americans questioned the wisdom of providing the government with so many new tools that held the potential to seriously erode civil liberties, various government agencies were attempting to develop antiterrorism systems that by their nature held the potential to completely undermine the privacy of ordinary Americans. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. “To consolidate is to strengthen or reinforce one’s position or power.” Hitler’s first major political gain occurred when he was appointed Chancellor of the Weimar Republic in January 1933. As just one example, the U.S. Coast Guard has traditionally focused its efforts on conducting search-and-rescue operations at sea. ", Planners envisioned a system capable of mining a variety of databases, ranging from credit card records to airline ticket purchases, then analyzing the captured information for patterns of suspicious activity. To create the new department, twenty-two existing agencies and bureaus distributed throughout the federal government were consolidated, bringing together roughly 170,000 employees. More troubling, they argued, was the fact that new powers for secret searches contained in the Patriot Act were not limited to terrorism cases but could be used in any criminal investigation. 2. Orange signals a high threat level, and red points to what the government considers a severe risk of terrorist attack. The Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortes (1485 CE to 1587 CE) gained control of Tenochtitlan by recruiting allies from indigenous enemies of the Aztecs... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. Another is charged with developing and implementing means of protecting the public from biological, chemical, radiological, or nuclear attacks. After a difficult and bloody escape from Tenochtitlan, Cortes and his men regrouped in the area around the Aztec capital. Answers: 2 Get Other questions on the subject: Social Studies. Proponents also believed the restructuring would enhance the government's ability to gather and synthesize information about terrorists and … central government in its place. Previous law had only allowed law enforcement officials to install what are called pen registers, which record telephone numbers dialed from a suspect's phone, and trap-and-trace devices, which record numbers from which incoming phone calls originate. Why did Hernan Cortes and 450 soldiers land on the coast of Mexico? Namely, these were the city-states of Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan. With the guard's new emphasis on counterterrorism efforts, critics worry that search-and-rescue exercises could suffer—with disastrous results for distressed boaters. We are trying to give our people who understand and try to track down the terrorists …a sufficient set of tools."27. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. As officials sorted through the intelligence they had prior to September 11, many realized that the government had a significant amount of information that, if acted upon, might have prevented the terrorist attacks. Finally, in 1504, Hernan Cortes boarded a ship commanded by Alonso Quintero, departing for the west. Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in 1933 and then managed to maintain in power until the end of the Second World War. Analysts within the division assess the risks posed by any threats and issue warnings to law enforcement agencies and the public. The written history of the Aztecs, as illustrated by their pictographic codices… Philip also greatly reduced the power of the Cortes, or representative assemblies. The nature of warfare during the height of Aztec power was also unique. How did this consolidate Cortes’ power? How did Hitler consolidate power by 1934? The Rise of Monarchies: France, England, and SpainOne of the most significant developments in the three centuries leading up to the Renaissance period was the collapse of feudalism. Moreover, they worry that instead the move will only bog down antiterrorism efforts in bureaucracy. The idea behind the consolidation was that such centralization would improve the government's ability to coordinate antiterrorism efforts. As it goes, Moctezuma mistook the Spanish invaders for gods, thereby setting the stage for the conquest of the Aztec Empire. Rather, it is a job for all Americans. How did Hitler rise to power (1933) and consolidate his power (1934)...Hitler’s Rise to Power How did Hitler rise to power (1933) and consolidate his power (1934)? Cortes took him hostage in his own palace, where he remained for eight months. However, this power was limited, as the Nazis were just one party in a three party coalition government, under President Hindenburg.. Become a Study.com member to unlock this Those tribes saw working with the Spanish as an opportunity to defeat the Aztecs and to gain power for themselves. The Toltec culture is an archaeological Mesoamerican culture that dominated a state centered in Tula in the early Postclassic period of Mesoamerican chronology (c. 800–1000 CE). What was the capital city of the Aztec Empire? Cortes’ bloody road to power. provides for the disclosure of information held by administrative agencies to the pub…, A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court 1989, A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court 1949, A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court, A Comparative Study of the Intelligence of Delinquent Girls, A Clean, Well-Lighted Place by Ernest Hemingway, 1932, A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens, 1843, A Continuing Conflict: A History Of Capital Punishment In The United States, A Conversation with My Father by Grace Paley, 1974, A Cup of Tears: A Diary of the Warsaw Ghetto, https://www.encyclopedia.com/defense/energy-government-and-defense-magazines/consolidation-power, Department of Homeland Security Act (2002), Civilian National Security Infrastructure, The Patriot Act Threatens Freedom of the Press, American Civil Liberties and the War on Terror. What was unusual about the Aztec city of... Tenochtitlan covered the area of what is now. Even with the broad changes, which brought about a major consolidation of power, the government faced an enormous task in attempting to safeguard a free and open society from terrorist attacks. Cortes took Moctezuma captive and held him prisoner in one of the Aztec palaces. Once War Communism failed in 1921(remember this was due to raging black market sales, starvation, unrest and the Kronstadt Mutiny), Lenin introduced NEP, or the New Economic Policy. The encomienda system was put in place in several areas, most importantly in Peru. In the early 16th century, Spanish colonies were already well established in the Caribbean islands and they were turning their eyes westward. It remains to be seen, however, whether the new powers will help or hinder the government's counterterrorism efforts. Adolf Hitler is a name that sends shivers down the spines of the many that know his name. In addition, program proponents hoped to connect domestic databases with those in other countries. Like them, the empires he warred against were vastly wealthier and more populous than his forces. "A Consolidation of Power With Indigenous governments such as the efficient Inca Empire in ruins, the Spanish conquistadors needed to find a way to rule their new subjects. The alliance helped to defeat the formerly dominant Tepanec Azcapotzalco in the region. - 16708001 Ask your question. As these three kingdoms rose to power and prominence, the wealth, influence, and power of the Italian city states declined. Critics of these new powers and systems warn that what terrorists might be unable to dismantle, efforts to eradicate terrorists will. Join now. Ashcroft, John When the First World War ended on November 11th 1918; many Germans were put into poverty due to the massive costs of the war. 1 comment: Unknown July 17, 2020 at 3:13 AM. This was the first event which led him to consolidate complete power over Germany by1934. But how does this compare to what the historical record tells us? § 552 et seq.) Hitler and the Nazis were the biggest party in Germany but did not have a majority so Hitler used all the power he could to get what he wanted and he did so very successfully and by 1934, Hitler had declared himself as the Fuhrer of Germany. 5/21/2016 8 Comments The Consolidation of Power 1959-62. answer! Extract of sample "How did the Normans consolidate control of post-conquest England" Download file to see previous pages Following King Edward’s death, a council of influential men commonly known as Witan settled on Harold Godwin to take charge of England. Why did the Aztec people not listen to... How did the Aztec people apparently feel about... High School World History: Homework Help Resource, UExcel World Conflicts Since 1900: Study Guide & Test Prep, SAT Subject Test World History: Tutoring Solution, Major Events in World History Study Guide, High School World History: Help and Review, History 311: The Holocaust & World War II, NY Regents Exam - Global History and Geography: Help and Review, High School World History: Homeschool Curriculum, NY Regents Exam - Global History and Geography: Tutoring Solution, High School World History: Tutoring Solution, 7th Grade Social Studies: World History II, ACCESS World History: Online Textbook Help, Biological and Biomedical Introduction Think Directions: Independently, in the thought bubble below, write anything you can remember about Buddhism. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. This topic will explore how the Nazis managed to eliminate their opposition and consolidate ultimate power over Germany, whilst maintaining an illusion of democracy. 1. He was constantly seeking to consolidate his power, increase his wealth, and put down his enemies. Other aspects of the Patriot Act were designed to give the government improved abilities to monitor and track suspected terrorists, who increasingly made use of computers and the Internet to communicate their plans. However, the department's own officials cautioned that being prepared for possible terrorist attacks is not solely a job for government agencies and emergency officials. On November 8, 1519, Cortes, his men, and his indigenous allies were welcomed into Tenochtitlan by the Aztec ruler Moctezuma. How tall was the great temple in Tenochtitlan? At the beginning of this unit, we discussed how the pursuit of wealth was one motive for the growth of … Do Now: What religion was practiced by the Ottomans? Mexico - Mexico - The rise of the Aztecs: The word Azteca is derived from Aztlán (variously translated as “White Land,” “Land of White Herons,” or “Place of Herons”), where, according to Aztec tradition, their people originated, somewhere in the northwestern region of Mexico. Cortes (or Corts in Catalonia and Valencia) existed in each of Aragon, Catalonia, Valencia and Navarre. The law similarly allows the government to obtain telephone records and student records. Among other things, the new law allows the government to conduct surveillance or clandestine physical searches of foreign agents, including U.S. citizens, for up to ninety days, even if the government does not have probable cause to believe a crime is being committed. Although critics worried that immigration services might suffer by moving the INS to the new department, advocates believed that folding the INS into the Department of Homeland Security would greatly enhance the agency's effectiveness and provide the government with an enhanced ability to track foreign visitors. Many are familiar with the popular tale of the meeting between Emperor Moctezuma and conquistador Hernán Cortés. Under the system, a low level of threat is represented by the color green, and blue means the nation is on guarded alert. On November 8, 1519, Cortes, his men, and his indigenous allies were welcomed into Tenochtitlan by the Aztec ruler Moctezuma. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. How did this consolidate Cortes’ power? Although Hitler enjoyed his first real position in power, Hitler was a long way from achieving his ambition of becoming an all-powerful dictator leading Germany. This social and economic system had emerged during the ninth century in the Carolingian Empire (pronounced care-eh-LIN-jee-ehn), which was centered in the region that is now France. What are some things that Americans did to prevent paying taxes - 16612815 One key concern among experts is that the massive reorganization, with its primary focus on domestic security, may inadvertently reduce the government's ability to carry out other important missions. they gained power because no one was there and the Europeans didn't even know that there was a new world out there. Also troubling to civil libertarians is the Patriot Act's expansion of the government's ability to obtain documents and records that under prior law would have been considered private. "A Consolidation of Power The department also urged Americans to make sure they are adequately prepared and to formulate clear-cut plans in the event an attack is made. The Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortes (1485 CE to 1587 CE) gained control of Tenochtitlan by recruiting allies from indigenous enemies of the Aztecs... See full answer below. Among other things, the Homeland Security Department absorbed the Coast Guard, the Border Patrol, the Customs Service, the Secret Service, the Transportation Security Administration, and the troubled Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). One of us is obviously in the wrong place. Henry VII made a number of calculated decisions early on in his reign that allowed him to consolidate his power. Lucent Library of Homeland Security: A Vulnerable America: An Overview of National Security. 1. Like them, he was usually significantly outnumbered in battles. They fought for land and constructed more land to create the magnificent city of Tenochtitlan in the middle of Lake Texicoco. However, the date of retrieval is often important. (October 16, 2020). Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Create your account. How Did the Tokugawa Shogunate Gain Power. The problem was not so much a lack of information as it was a lack of awareness of the significant intelligence government officials already possessed. The system of Cortes arose in The Middle Ages as part of feudalism.A "Corte" was an advisory council made up of the most powerful feudal lords closest to the king. How did this consolidate Cortes’ power? Because the risks of inaction are so high and carry with them the potential for widespread death and destruction, extraordinary measures are not only appropriate, they claim, but necessary. In Castile nobles and priests, because they did not pay direct taxes, no longer attended the sessions of the Cortes. Many critics of the Patriot Act believed the broad powers to conduct clandestine searches were dangerous and unnecessary. Summing up the situation, one FBI agent said, "We didn't know what we knew. The Patriot Act also greatly increases the ways in which the government can collect information. Explain how Ashoka used Buddhism to gain, consolidate, and maintain the power of the Maurya Empire. For example, many analysts believe that by creating a centralized clearinghouse for intelligence information the government's ability to monitor and evaluate potential threats will be greatly enhanced. One of the most controversial efforts to uncover terrorist attacks before they occur was launched by the Defense Department's Advanced Research Projects Agency, which established what it called the Total Information Awareness project. coolhandlucas30 3 weeks ago Social Studies High School +5 pts. Then the Spaniards initiated a massacre of the people so the natives rose up in resistance. Cortes demanded gold and other valuables as ransom. Like them, he was usually significantly outnumbered in battles. The logo included the Latin phrase, Scientia est Potentia, which means "knowledge is power. To keep the public informed of the likelihood of a terrorist attack at any given time, the department also developed a color-coded system based on the division's analysis of intelligence information. William Safire, a conservative columnist for the New York Times, noted that the program held the potential to track every American's every move. Start studying How did Europeans and European descent gain, consolodate and maintain power in south Afica. Like many other European colonies in the New World, New Spain developed a pattern of social organization in which. Step 6 - Nazi Labour Front, May 1933 In May 1933 trade unions were banned and replaced by the Nazi Labour Front: The Labour Front decided on wages and kept records of workers; strikes were In addition to reorganizing the government to better position it to respond to the threat of terrorism and enlisting ordinary Americans in the fight, Congress also sought to bolster the government's ability to locate and stop potential terrorists before they struck. Officials especially hoped that the restructuring would prompt improvements in border security, particularly in the way the INS was run. Once Cortes was gone, the people of Tenochtitlan became restless, and Alvarado heard of a plot to murder the Spanish. Log in. Which European power dominated the New World during the 1500s? Cortés' men sent Montezuma out to talk to the people and calm them, where he died. ” Hitler’s first major political gain occurred when he was appointed Chancellor of the Weimar Republic in January 1933. In August 1521, Cortés claimed Tenochtitlán for Spain and renamed it Mexico City. What did the Aztecs do to their Great Temple? Encyclopedia.com. He did have more reinforcements and support from home. The Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution has required law enforcement agents to provide immediate notification when a search is being conducted. Mexico - Mexico - The rise of the Aztecs: The word Azteca is derived from Aztlán (variously translated as “White Land,” “Land of White Herons,” or “Place of Herons”), where, according to Aztec tradition, their people originated, somewhere in the northwestern region of Mexico. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. These city-states had become powerful as a result of the assimilation into their cities's jurisdictions of the smaller units of villages and outlying area that they were able to respectively subjugate. Buddhism Pair https://www.encyclopedia.com/defense/energy-government-and-defense-magazines/consolidation-power, "A Consolidation of Power It is important to remember that Mussolini did not seize power … How was power gained, consolidated, maintained, and distributed in the Spanish colonies? Aim: to develop an understanding of the ways in which Cortes consolidated control over the Aztec kingdoms. Find an answer to your question “How did the Mauryan Empire use their beliefs systems and philosophical ideas to gain, consolidate, and maintain power? While there is no way to predict what will happen, or what your personal circumstances will be, there are simple things you can do now to prepare yourself and your loved ones.24. How did the Aztecs rise to power? With Indigenous governments such as the efficient Inca Empire in ruins, the Spanish conquistadors needed to find a way to rule their new subjects. Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Pinterest. How did the Nazis consolidate their power? Even when the Pharaoh turned to a different main god, the general public still held strong to Amen-Re. Exam questions on this key question have tended to focus on either how or how effectively Mussolini consolidated his political power. Following his defeat, Cortés slowly created alliances and recruited tens of thousands of native peoples who resented Aztec rule. shevenesamuels13 How did the Han consolidate power, and how did Confucianism affect the steps they took? He ordered his men to attack during the festival of Toxcatl on May 20, 1520. 1522-1523 … It was not only the political capital but also an important religious centre. Cortes left his lieutenant Pedro de Alvarado in charge of Montezuma, other royal captives, and the city of Tenochtitlan. Both were gifted generals and political leaders. Following Hitler’s appointment as chancellor the Nazis were finally in a position of power. Lesson 16Cortés’s Consolidation of Power. The Governor was gone, and the secretary assured him that he woul… For example, if a suspect wrote or received regular e-mail messages from other known terrorists, officials could gain important insights into terrorist organizations and methods. “As the Indians did not know the remedy of the disease, they died in heaps, like bedbugs. The idea behind the consolidation was that such centralization would improve the government's ability to coordinate antiterrorism efforts. The service's credibility, and that of the entire federal government, was called into question on March 11, 2002, when the INS sent a letter to a Florida flight school announcing that the INS had approved visas so that two foreigners, Mohammed Atta and Marwa Al-Shehhi, were cleared to receive flight training. His main methods of consolidating his power were: to eliminate potential rival claimants to the throne, to secure the financial stability of the crown, and to ensure a Tudor heir was produced to guarantee the future of the dynasty. Log in. 4) How did the Enabling Act help Hitler to consolidate his power? In the 1500s, Spain systematically conquered parts of North, Central and South America as well as the Caribbean. Like them, he was usually significantly outnumbered in battles. Only by playing upon the disunity among the diverse groups in the Aztec Empire were the Spanish able to capture Tenochtitlán. Government advocates of the expanded powers provided by the Patriot Act argue that the new law enforcement tools are necessary to allow the government to prevent another wave of terrorist attacks. Ask your question. How did Hitler consolidate power by 1934? When it comes to the question of how well the massive government reorganization will work and how effective it will be in combating terrorism, analysts are divided. Lucent Library of Homeland Security: A Vulnerable America: An Overview of National Security. The INS had been responsible for providing immigrant services, such as granting the documents that allow immigrants to live, study, and work in the United States. What policies did Mao use to consolidate power? Moreover, because it is often difficult for the government to identify foreign agents, U.S. citizens and foreign nationals could be subject to broad surveillance and secret searches on nothing more than the government's suspicion. Whilst the CPC had many means to achieve this, this lesson examines how policies and propaganda were used to help reunite the nation. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. These additions were considered necessary in order to eliminate gaps in the government's ability to track terrorists as they moved around the world. . The program's objective, as stated on the Total Information Awareness Office website, "is to revolutionize, the ability of the United States to detect, classify and identify foreign terrorists—and decipher their plans—and thereby enable the U.S. to take timely action to successfully preempt and defeat terrorist acts. The head of the Tokugawa shogunate, Tokugawa Ieyasu, set his goal to consolidate power over all of Japan. Lucent Library of Homeland Security: A Vulnerable America: An Overview of National Security. This was the first event which led him to consolidate complete power over Germany by1934. This is how the Aztecs took over more territory in its rise to power. Email This BlogThis! Mao's China This next sections examines how Mao Zedong consolidated power in the years 1949-1954 and how he sought to maintain power throughout his rule until his death in 1976. Although many policy makers saw the proposed system's enormous potential to increase the government's ability to track and apprehend terrorists before they strike, critics complained that the program would seriously undermine civil liberties and privacy for American citizens. In other words, while the expanded powers could have obvious benefits for investigators seeking out terrorism leads, the new authority also holds the potential to significantly erode privacy and civil rights, cherished as one of America's greatest liberties. In fact, religion held so much power at a point in Egyptian history that the priesthood of Amen rivaled the power of the Pharaoh. The goal of the program was to develop a powerful information-gathering system that could help the government identify terrorists while they were still in the planning stages of their attacks. flashcards from Hannah Bowater's class online, or in Brainscape's iPhone or Android app. Moreover, Congress approved funding for the INS to hire thousands of new Border Patrol agents and inspectors. In passing the measure, members of Congress attempted to respond to the Justice Department's request for expanded intelligence-gathering powers, based on the theory that the department might have been able to unravel the September 11 plot before it had occurred, if only it had broader powers to collect information. He wrote: Every purchase you make with a credit card, every magazine subscription you buy and medical prescription you fill, every Web site you visit and e-mail you send or receive, every academic grade you receive, every bank deposit you make, every trip you book and every event you attend—all these transactions and communications will go into what the Defense Department describes as "a virtual, centralized grand database".28. Many of the tribes that Cortes came in contact with were ruled by the Aztecs and resented the power they had over them. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a direct outgrowth of the terrorist attac…, The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) (5U.S.C.A. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/defense/energy-government-and-defense-magazines/consolidation-power. In creating the new department, lawmakers also hoped to significantly improve the government's ability to synthesize and analyze intelligence information. On October 26, 2001, roughly six weeks after the terrorist attacks, lawmakers approved, with little debate, one of the first major pieces of antiterrorism legislation—the USA Patriot Act. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. How did the Aztecs Rise to Power? One is responsible for strengthening and administering border and transportation security. For example, the Patriot Act extended the government's ability to obtain so-called roving surveillance of a person's phone activities, that is, a surveillance not tied to a single phone. Some of the changes brought about by the Patriot Act were natural extensions of powers federal agencies already had to monitor terrorism suspects. To law enforcement activities Wikimedia Commons under a CC by license a name that sends shivers the! Creating the new department is responsible for strengthening and administering border and transportation Security officials especially that. 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Trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners a High threat,. The popular tale of the Cortes of Leon and Castile were merged, though Cortes., and more populous than his forces Nazis were just one party in a three party coalition government, President. Nazis were finally in a three party coalition government, under President..... Also unique read e-mail transmissions date of retrieval is often important hoped to connect domestic databases with in... New Spain developed a pattern of Social organization in which steps they took saw working with the Spanish for. Is how the Aztecs and resented the power they had over them the of! 1521, Cortés claimed Tenochtitlán for Spain and renamed it Mexico city at the INS run. Be considered are few that do not have page numbers help or hinder the government can collect information home! Only bog down antiterrorism efforts and held him prisoner in one of us is in. 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