The largest species is Otocinclus flexilis, which reaches 2.2 inches. Green Water is caused by floating algae. He is also a proud member of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums, the Marine Aquarium Societies of North America and the Nature Conservancy. Your email address will not be published. 2- Speckled Catfish or Otocinclus Flexilis: The body of the catfish is characterized by an olive-gray or gray-yellow color. It typically appears on slow-growing plants. Green Spot Algae (GSA) A dark green algae which grows in small, flat spots. It usually grows in low CO2 and low phosphate levels or in tanks where the lights are left on too long during the day. To view this video please enable JavaScript, and consider upgrading to a Healthy Otocinclus … The substrate should be vacuumed on any debris that may fall in the meantime. Home/Fish/ Green spot algae: how to identify and treat this pest. Pick some decorations and spread them across the substrate. In the same way, it can make living plants less efficient and allow algae to outperform these species and thrive. Low nutrients. iligent little algae eaters, Otocinclus are peaceful and would make an awesome addition to your planted aquarium. Having the ability to survive in low-light conditions, Brown Algae are a form of Diatom and can be seen both in freshwater and saltwater. In this category, we’re referring to the many types of algae that look like wet hair when … You will see them dart across the tank when they get scared. I have a 10-gallon tank containing two goldfish. They are best suited to planted tanks. These fish are herbivores which restricts what you can give them. Algae willtake over a tank when there is an imbalance of nutrients in the environment. To get green algae growing, you'll need 2 Watts of light per gallon, at least. and is more of an aesthetic problem than anything else. Otocinclus food can also include supplements such as algae wafers and even some fresh vegetables like green zucchini slices. Green Algae do have some beneficial features since they house carious micro-organisms who form a crucial part of the diet of various fish. You can buy algae wafers from stores which should disappear over a few hours. In particularly severe cases of green spot algae, additional carbon dioxide may also need to be injected. You can cook using zucchini, lettuce, and spinach. These are social creatures that should be kept in groups of at least four. So it is best to clean / remove the leaves as soon as possible. Sometimes switching up the diet slightly will give fish their appetite back. Some fish or snails can be added to keep the tank algae free, but both of them won’t completely remove all of the green stains from your tank! A brown stripe runs along their side from the head to the caudal fin. On the head is a strong mouth which is used to latch onto surfaces.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'fishkeepingworld_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_11',135,'0','0'])); Those in the family Loricariidae are different to a lot of other catfish groups because of the rows of armor plating across their body. Fish That Eat Green Spot Algae. 3- Otocinclus Arnoldi: Inexperienced aquarists often confuse this species with Affinis. So, about your what algae do they eat question: There are slightly different opinions out there. They are mostly found on the aquarium glass but also on the equipment and on decoration and plant leaves. Look out for color changes, spots and wounds as well.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'fishkeepingworld_com-mobile-leaderboard-1','ezslot_19',123,'0','0'])); The two most common causes of disease are: When you spot disease, check the parameters of the tank are where they should be. This helps to protect them from boisterous fish and coarse substrates. Algae Guide - comprehensive information on all types of algae, surface scum, milky water and other fishtank problems. Green Spot Algae – This type of algae forms spots on the glass of your tank and on plant leaves. Pro-Tip. It should be noted that many low-light plant species do not need such strong light, which can save some algae headaches when all other aquarium parameters are checked. Green Dust Algae, GDA: Description: Forms on the glass creating a dusty appearance across the glass. These are small, circular green spots, which you can see on your glass, plant, driftwood, rocks, and even substrate. Here are a few of the most popular species for home aquariums:eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'fishkeepingworld_com-leader-1','ezslot_13',114,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'fishkeepingworld_com-leader-1','ezslot_14',114,'0','1'])); This species has one of the most widespread distributions across South America, including the Amazon River. You won’t have to spend too much, $3-$5 is typical. Tank Size37.9 Litres (10 US G.)Size3.8-5.1cm (1.5-2 ")pH6.0 - 8.0Temp.20 -26 °C (68-78.8°F)Water Hardness15-20 °dStocking Ratio1:2 M:FAvailabilityUncommonDietHerbi The biggest problem with greenspot algae is that they can quickly appear on plant leaves and spread to the rest of that plant as well as other plants. These are questions rather than comments: can one Otocinclus live contentedly with peaceful community fish? (Summary), Butterflyfish Complete Guide: Compatibility, Tank Requirements, Diet and Species, 75 Gallon Aquarium: The Complete Beginner’s Guide, Red Tail Shark: Tankmates, Care Guide and More…, The Ultimate Hermit Crab Care Guide: Habitat, Food And Much More…, How To Take Care Of A Box Turtle – Ultimate Breed Guide List, 15+ Best Freshwater Shrimps For Aquariums, Eastern Box Turtle Complete Care Guide: Diet, Habitat And More…, Various, most have a brown stripe down their body. Both have the ability to cover all surfaces in the tank, including the aquarium glass, which can cause green water to appear. Here is the common cause of Green Spot Algae can grow In your Aquascape. Green spot algae are hard to remove (the harder the water, the harder you will find it to remove the spots). – If you want to learn more about different types of algae, you can see a detailed guide here. When out of control, green spot algae can quickly suffocate growing plants from their necessary light source. A good photoperiod lasts an average of 8 hours; Everything else can cause aquarium plants to underperform, and anything that takes longer can lead to other algae like brown algae or staghorn algae. Green Spot Algae (GSA) are a relatively little-known type of aquarium algae that most freshwater systems experience at some point in their life. I'm currently battling hair algae. DifficultyModerateMin. Green spot algae (Choleochaete orbicularis), GSA or Green Surface Algae. Not many aquarium algae eaters can keep up with their growth and its harder form, unlike soft-haired algae and blue-green algae (cyanobacteria), can be difficult to remove manually. You don’t need any special equipment to move the water. To control this growth, it is best to test the water for low levels and dose these nutrients accordingly. Facebook Twitter Google+ LinkedIn StumbleUpon Tumblr Pinterest Reddit WhatsApp. Loss of appetite, inactivity, and an increased respiration rate are all signs of disease. Brown Algae. It is also worth checking the lighting on the tank. They helped take care of any brown diatom algae I had, but ignored fuzz/staghorn algae and didn't really go for the green spot algae either. The brown colors are less distinctive and can be closer to gold; hence their name. Algae Types Blue-green, slime or smear algae Grows rapidly in blue-green, slimy sheets. I think the fluctuating levels triggered it. Green vegetables are best, such as lettuce, spinach and zucchini. They do require fairly specific tank conditions, however, and it is possible that some green spots will be too difficult to vacuum. Quite common on new setups. Otocinclus Tropical Fish Learn all about the Otocinclus's feeding habits and food types, its behaviour, its origins, its natural habitats, is it male or female, breeding advice and information, suitable tank mates, its sizing and growth range, minimum tank size, water PH and more. If you can keep your tank clean, most species will live for 3-5 years. However, there is an easier way to identify it. Poor water circulation can also cause debris to build up in certain areas of the aquarium, making it easier for algae to anchor themselves. Some plants are around, but not a lot of them. Otocinclus are great eaters of brown and some green algae, good for planted tanks with quiet inhabitants. When the nutrient levels in the tank are low, it usually means that the algae are absorbing nutrients faster than the plants in the system. Thank you! Thread starter LancsRick; Start date 19 Dec 2012; LancsRick Member. Fish Keeping World is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to and any other affiliated sites. They’re easy to look after too, so are great for beginners. Their small size makes them an easy target though, so large or aggressive fish need to be avoided. While these slugs help keep your tank algae free, they’re not your best bet for actually getting rid of algae. Though they’re vegetarians, Otos will stick to algae instead of eating your plants. A general rule is to stay away from species with an aggressive reputation or a mouth big enough to eat an Oto whole. otocinclus - Tropical fish forum at the Age of Aquariums - dedicated to promoting responsible fish-keeping internationally. The smallest species (Otocinclus tapirape) only grows to be an inch long. It’s important to monitor algae levels in the tank and use this to decide how much supplementary food to give. In the wild, rising temperatures would be a natural cue to mate. GSA is extremely tough to remove and Otos won’t eat it. More options for fish and snail algae eaters can be found here in our 8 must-have species for the aquarium! Here they attach themselves to the substrate or rocks in the search of algae. It’s best to quarantine sick individuals in a separate tank to protect the rest of your fish.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'fishkeepingworld_com-netboard-2','ezslot_27',124,'0','0'])); These aren’t the easiest fish to breed in captivity, but it can be done. I used to have a medium sized problem with green spot algae. When ready to mate, males will chase females around the tank. Standard aquarium lights will be fine too. The Otocinclus affinis, also known as Otocinclus catfish or simply Oto cat is a small south American fish native to Brazil where it can be found in heavily vegetated streams and rivers. Otocinclus Catfish. It is caused by an Ammonia spike, nutrient-level problems or low CO2. Sometimes individuals can die shortly after being introduced to a new aquarium, even if they look healthy and the tank’s conditions are perfect. Due to their non-fussy nature, they are very easy to feed and once settled into their aquarium shouldn’t offer too many [Continue reading …], I have 2 of these beautiful little catfish in my 10 gallon tank, along with 5 ember tetras. A duct between the esophagus and stomach forms a hollow area which lets them breath. Green spot algae are an interesting type of algae, as this type of algae does not thrive in planted tanks with excess nutrients, but thrives more in waters with fewer available nutrients, namely phosphates.