Nevertheless, the largest hubs for data centers in Europe are found in the abbreviation FLAP-D (Frankfurt, London, Amsterdam, Paris and Dublin). The difference is much starker if you compare the smallest data centers to the largest ones. Based on your power requirements, you could save: Get in touch with us today to start saving. One of the largest cost drivers for data centers and customers is power. See the example below of how the differences in kilowatt hour prices can impact monthly power costs. For example, 230V multiplied by 20A equals 4,600W. Companies can outsource power and bandwidth costs by leasing space in a data center while keeping full control over hardware and data. In this article, we focus on the fundamentals of electricity including power units, definitions, and equations. © 2020 Datacenters.com. As a rule of thumb, an individual server uses approximately 0.5 – 2.0 amps and 200-450 watts per hour. We’ve defaulted to the UK average if you are unsure. In 2020, the energy demand is expected to increase to 73 billion kWh. ... possible through efficiency improvements. All Rights Reserved. Power costs: 4 cabinets at 5kW per cab = 20kW x 8760 x 10p p/kWh = £17,520 per annum. Having grown from around 11 million in 2006, as of 2020 there are an estimated 18 million servers deployed in data centers globally (Shehabi et al, 2016). To do this, simply take 24 hours a day and multiply by 30 days in a month. The average cost of a kWh in the United States is $.139 cents per kWh. More info can be found here. The more efficient, the lower the overall cost. Watts can be seen on the labels of household appliances and electronics – everything from refrigerators to televisions and laptops. Considering that global data centers recently consumed around 205 billion kWh, for this claim to be true, their average electricity emissions intensity would have to be around 4.4 kg CO 2 /kWh. Watts (W) equal volts (V) multiplied by amps (A). There may also be annual increases charged by the data center to account for the increases they are charged by the utility company. For example, an HP ProLiant DL380 G7 Server has several power configurations with maximum rated wattage of 460W, 750W, and 1200W. Figuring out the difference between them can be a challenge if you're not an electrician or into DIY home repair, but it's really quite easy. For example, if a server or storage device consumes 100 kWh of power and the average energy cost is 8Â¢/kWh, energy cost is $70,100 annually. Watts (W) = Volts (V) x Amps (A)Power Factor (PF) x Watts (W)Monthly Hours = 24 Hours x 30 DaysKilowatt x Hour = Kilowatt Hour (kWh). A kilowatt is equal to 1,000 watts. The power factor should be approximately 80% of maximum watts. Many devices are rated based on the amps they use or can support (such as outlets or circuit breakers). We’ve defaulted to the UK average if you are unsure. But they can request to know the data center's Power Use Efficiency. Now that you have an understanding of terminology and equations, how do you calculate server power usage? The standard unit of measure for data center power is the kilowatt (kW). The answer is 720 hours in a month. For example, take 3.68kW and multiply times 720 hours in a month to get 2,649.60 kWh. Testing of GPU Servers - NVIDIA RTX30 Video Cards for AI ML Tasks. Make sure to take into consideration the power factor. Next, you will want to solve for kilowatts. You have done all of the heavy lifting in determining server power requirements. We look at the differences between metered and unmetered power and how geography plays into the cost of electricity in kilowatt hours. It takes an unbelievable amount of electricity to power and cool an entire data center. One of the largest cost drivers for data centers and customers is power. A watt is a delivered unit of power in the International System of Units (SI) and is used to express the rate of energy conversion or transfer with respect to time. In addition to metered power, unmetered power is a pricing model where the data center or colocation provider charges a flat rate for the circuit(s). © Ark Data Centres 2020. This is measured by the power usage effectiveness ratio (PUE). In a perfect world PUE would be 1.0 but typical figures are around 2.0 (source). To know just how much your IT equipment contributes to your data center utility bill, use WTI rack mount PDUs to meter and report total kWh energy consumption. It is no secret that power is one of the most important considerations in data center site selection. Approximately 10% of data center operating expenditure (opex) is power, and power is likely to be about 15% of data center opex within five years. You can determine power requirements by researching your server manufacture specifications online. As another example, a base rate for 1 kWh might be 12Â¢/kWh but 20Â¢/kWh for usage over 1,000 kWh per month. Get the latest news and insights from Ark, StandardsISO 14001 / ISO 22301 / ISO 27001 / ISO 50001 / ISO 9001, Legal Privacy / Terms / Cookies / Modern Slavery / More. The 2,649.60 kWh is the amount of power your servers and related hardware use in a month. All that is left is pricing per kilowatt hour and calculating total power costs. Several examples included throughout to help you run the calculations. Globally, data center power consumption has been growing. According to Computerworld, “It takes 34 power plants, each capable of generating 500 megawatts of electricity, to power all of the data centers in operation today.” Knowing how to calculate and forecast power utilization and costs are important. Server colocation is an excellent option for businesses that want to streamline server operations. Based on the figures you've supplied, it looks like our standard rates might not save you money - but why not get in touch and challenge us to beat your current deal? Watts are partially determined by volts including: 100V, 120V, 208V, 200V, 220V, 230V, and 240V – the higher the volts, the higher the watts. It is important to know watts (W), kilowatts (kW), and kilowatt hours (kWh). Knowing how to improve efficiency is critical. We examine techniques for calculating power consumption of servers, racks, and cabinets. These comparisons assume a build option with the load at 40% of capacity with room for growth, utility costs of $.08 per kWh and a 2.0 Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE), and an average 5 mile local loop/fiber cost of $150 per mile per strand vs. cross connects. This is the full cost per kWh (kilowatt hour) that your utility or data centre provider charge you for the power consumed by your IT equipment (VAT is not included). Dedicated Servers: What Are The Different Types of Dedicated Servers? If you are unsure of your specifications or do not want to test your servers using a watt meter, you can use watts (W) equals volts (V) multiplied by amps (A) equation from above (W = V x A). All rights reserved. • If current trends continue, by 2011, data centers will consume 100 billion kWh of energy, at a total annual cost of $7.4 billion and would necessitate the construction of 10 additional power plants [3] . Calculations are based only on consumption. Use this calculator to compare the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) of having a data center in Sacramento compared to other locations. Multiply that by 365 days a year for 7,446 kWh per year. It is also important to understand how volts (V) and amps (A) factor into the equation. Ark Data Centres Limited registered in England and Wales number 5656968. This is for illustration purpose only and we use the base rent, utility power cost and terms to calculate the savings. You need to know basic terminology before learning to calculate power usage and costs. Benchmarking your data center’s energy efficiency is a key first step towards reducing power consumption and related energy costs. Savings are for illustrative purposes only.The UK average power cost figure is based on the latest BEIS survey of energy suppliers, and includes all applicable costs except VAT. The cost per kWh shown for each state are the official 2010 Average Retail Price of Electricity published by the Department of Energy (DOE) / Energy Information Administration (EIA). A second opportunity exists in … This is also called sustained draw. 1. Make sure to comment at the end of this article with any tips or tricks that you use to calculate power usage and costs for data center colocation. Knowing how to calculate power can help you forecast costs and make important decisions about where to collocate IT infrastructure. The closer that PUE number is to 1.0, the more efficient the data center. Amps (amperes): The actual electrical current, or moving electrons, coming through the power lines. The Real Cost of a Data Center Build. The U.S. average rate is $.0733/kwh and this report only tracks state-by-state instead of by … roughly $360k - $1.4MM worth: 10000 kW * 24 hours/day * 30 days/month = 7.2MM kWh, which might cost a U.S. data center ("DC") operator somewhere between 5-20 cents/kWh. Typical power draws concerning operating a data center could be anywhere between a few kW for a few racks of servers to even several tens of MW for larger, industrial-style data centers. A typical PUE is 2 to 2.5, which means that 2.25 times more power is required to run the data centre than powers the servers. © Ark Data Centres 2020. In a data center, typically 20-40 % of the operating cost is related to data center power costs. Statistics show that while the t… For more accurate results, test the watt utilization off one server with all of the cores fully loaded with a watt meter or amp clamp volt meter. The Nordics, and Norway in particular, have considerably lower power prices compared to the rest of Europe. Now that you have figured out watts, it is time to calculate the monthly kilowatt hour usage for your servers. To do this, you will need to take your watts and divide by 1,000. It is important to know watts (W), kilowatts (kW), and kilowatt hours (kWh). Make sure to take into consideration the electricity cost per kWh in different geographic areas as this can drive power costs substantially. The most common pricing model is referred to as metered power. There are two primary pricing models for data center power – metered and unmetered. For example, take 3,680 watts and divide by 1,000 to get 3.68kW. Watts (W) = Volts (V) x Amps (A)1 Kilowatt (kW) = 1,000 Watts (W)1 Kilowatt Hour (kWh) = 1,000 Watt Hours. Enterprise customers don't have much influence on the power consumed by non-IT equipment requirements (office cooling, lights, etc). Benchmarking enables you to understand the current level of efficiency in a data center, and as you implement additional efficiency best practices, it helps you gauge the effectiveness of those efficiency efforts. It can be helpful in determining what geographic location to collocate your servers, switches, and IT hardware. This Cost Calculator, provided by Schneider Electric, will help you see the impact of different design decisions on your: • Total data center cost • Data center cost by watt • Cost by System • Cost by type (Material, Installation, etc.) The kilowatt hour (kWh, kW-h, kW h) is the standard for data center power usage and billing. The average annual data center cost per kW ranges from $5,467 for data centers larger than 50,000 square feet to $26,495 for facilities that are between 500 and 5,000 square feet in size. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt out if you wish Accept or Read More. In fact, IDC reports that energy consumption per server is growing by 9% per year globally as growth in performance pushes demand for energy. In fact, Gartner estimates that ongoing power costs are increasing at least 10% per year due to cost per kilowatt-hour (kwh) increases and underlying demand, especially for high power density servers. If your utility costs are $.139 per kWh, your daily costs to run your server are $1.248 per day or $37.44 per month. Their contribution is to reduce the total data centre power requirement relative to server consumption. There is more cost involved with a data centre than just its construction, so below are the associated costs for both power and planned preventative maintenance. Electricity is measured in amps, volts, ohms, and watts. Use 3,680W instead of the maximum 4,600W in figuring your costs. What is my kWh cost? It is commonly expressed as (W = V x A). It is also important to understand how volts (V) and amps (A) factor into the equation. Yet the average coal-fired power plant, the most carbon-intensive option available, has an emissions intensity that is less than one-fourth of this value—around one kilogram CO 2 /kWh (U.S. EIA 2020). According to the U.S. Department of Energy, the power consumption for operating and cooling data centers reached 70 billion kWh in the U.S. in 2016. Supporting infrastructure = 10kW* x 8760 x 10p p/kWh = £8,760 per annum Make sure to include the power usage of switches and related hardware. For example, a provider could offer 32A or 7,360W of power included in a bundled offering with space, power, bandwidth, IP, and remote hands. The table below provides the average annual cost to power a single rack in a data center in the US for a variety of rack PDU capacity and rack input options. Designing a data center that features row-based cooling and a scalable UPS? The EIA is a great source of information for comparing electricity prices between two or more locations. You need to know basic terminology before learning to calculate power usage and costs. Metered power is a pass through cost from the utility company to the data center to the customer. Does Blended Internet Make Sense for Your Business? Compared to traditional rack servers, blade servers can perform the same work for 20- to 40-percent less power. To get kilowatts per hour, simply take kilowatts and multiply by hours during a time period. Power drawn is partially related to usage, expressed as a percentage of maximum power. In this model, you are charged for the power you use similar to how a utility company charges a residential customer. Ark Data Centres Limited registered in England and Wales number 5656968. All Rights Reserved. Most data centers do not markup electricity prices to the customer. This is the full cost per kWh (kilowatt hour) that your utility or data centre provider charge you for the power consumed by your IT equipment (VAT is not included). This is the total amount of power in kW (kilowatts) that your IT racks consume. In a one day period, your server would consume 9,600W or 9.6kWh. Electricity prices in kilowatt hours for each state and region can be found on a monthly basis by visiting the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. It takes an unbelievable amount of electricity to power and cool an entire data center. Very (!) If the average use is 850 watts per hour, multiplied by 24 that equals 20,400 watts daily, or 20.4 kilowatts (kWh). See also: How Server Power Supplies are Wasting Your Money Kilowatt hours are used by utility companies as well as data centers as a billing unit for the energy delivered to the customer. Put simply, PUE measures how efficiently a data centre uses energy. A kilowatt hour represents power in kilowatts and the time in hours. Getting to Know: Pegasus Data Center Cleaning, Data Center Power Optimization: Increase Efficiency with a Data Center Audit, Data Center Cooling: Future of Cooling Systems, Methods and Technologies, 10333 E Dry Creek Rd, Suite 430, Englewood, CO 80112. California: 2,649.60 kWh x .1763/kWh = $467.12/ MonthNew York: 2,649.60 kWh x .1583/kWh = $419.43/ MonthTexas: 2,649.60 kWh x .0813/kWh = $215.41/ Month. However, certain data centers may require a monthly minimum of 40-50% of the breakered power total. The first term is watt (W). So high is the dependency of these data centers on the power supply that this is one of the significant operating costs for operating any data center and could go as high as 10 percent of the overall cost for the operations. For example, you have a server that requires 400W and it runs 24 hours. Industry average is currently around 4kW per rack, around 20kW per rack for HPC environments. A kilowatt hour is equal to 1,000 watt hours. Industry average is currently around 4kW per rack, around 20kW per rack for HPC environments. There is rarely a markup on electrical prices from a data center. For example, multiply .80 times 4,600W to get 3,680W. DATA CENTER TCO COMPARISON CALCULATOR. The first step is to solve for the average amount of hours in a month. It can also be helpful in determining server refreshes or whether virtualization makes sense. This is related to the number of Central Processing Unit (CPU) sockets and has remained static since 2007: 118W for single socket servers and 365W for two socket servers (Shehabi et al, 2… At 10 cents per kilowatt-hour for utility power, a data center with 1,000 servers could save up to $175,000 per year simply by using more blade servers. In this example, 4,600W would likely power a half rack to full rack of servers.